Business news from Ukraine

LAND CULTIVATION BY OWNER INSTEAD OF LEASING CAN LEAD UKRAINE OUT OF CURRENT DEAD-END MODEL OF LAND RELATIONS – EXPERT

The concentration of land in one hand by leasing land plots from their owners over the years of independence has led to the degradation of the Ukrainian agricultural industry, this problem can be solved by legally operating associations of landowners, consolidating in matters of growing and selling crops, head of the Ukrainian Association of Land Owners Roman Holovin said.

At a press conference at the Interfax-Ukraine agency on Thursday, he noted that the main problem of land lease relations in Ukraine is the concentration of land in one hand. Thus, 10% of the country’s agricultural land is concentrated in the ten largest Ukrainian tenants.

In addition, the user of the land, who is not its owner, is not interested in investing in the land asset, as well as in the further processing of agricultural products and the development of animal husbandry, the expert explains.

Holovin specified that the launch of the land market in 2021 did not change the situation for the better for the land owner, but continued the concentration of land in the hands of tenants. With its appearance, the rent for agricultural plots did not increase, the owner of the land did not receive the right to dispose of the land without the permission of the tenant, and the lease agreement is almost impossible to terminate. According to the expert, due to lack of prospects and intimidation by tenants, land owners are increasingly deciding to sell land for next to nothing.

“Ukraine found itself in a situation of a dead end in the implementation of land relations, which led to the decline of the agricultural sector, gave rise to socio-economic and socio-political contradictions and conflicts. Such land relations do not exist in any civilized country,” the head of the union emphasized during the press conference.

Holovin noted that associations of land owners are capable of resolving this issue, which consolidate joint efforts to sell their crops at the highest possible price, resolve the issues of production services and hiring subcontractors, accounting and tax administration. Such public independent management of land through participation in the community of land owners created by Holovin makes it possible to receive profit from the use of land by its owner 2-2.5 times more than non-public (shadow) agriculture, or management through the registration of the land owner as a private entrepreneur.

The community of land owners is a legal entity created by uniting land owners to consolidate the use of land plots in independent agricultural activities, at the same time socially significant for its participants, the society and the state as a whole. The organization is a single taxpayer of the fourth group and a value added tax payer, which implies a special taxation regime for the community and the owner of the land entering it.

“The community does not pay income tax, which means that the owner of the land does not pay it either. The land owner participating in the community does not pay the minimum tax liability (UAH 1,500-2,000 per ha of land), land tax (UAH 300-600 per ha), personal income tax (UAH 2,000-8,000 per ha of land) in the form of a tax liability and does not pay social security tax (22% of income received),” the expert specified.

At the same time, he clarified that community members have the opportunity to sell their crops at market value with VAT refunds, while individual farmers who grow agricultural products without state registration are forced to sell them 40-50% cheaper due to the lack of documents confirming their ownership of the crop.

Also, the community has the right to VAT refunds on the purchase of goods and services, pays a single tax in the amount of 0.95% of the normative monetary value of the cultivated land. In addition, it maintains personal accounting records for each participant, which means accounting for personal expenses and personal profits.

According to Holovin, the above tax and administrative preferences allow a land owner who independently cultivates land through participation in the community to have a significant advantage over illegal land owners and landlords. This way of managing allows him to receive an average of UAH 12,000-20,000 of profit per hectare of land.

According to his calculations, with a crop value of UAH 28,000/ha, the land owner can receive UAH 8,000-12,000 per hectare by optimizing taxation and accounting, and with a crop value of UAH 42,000/ha, he will earn UAH 14,000-22,000/ha.

“In the system of self-management, the income of millions of land owners is significantly increased, control of the agricultural sector and its centralized support are ensured, and most importantly, the country’s food security is guaranteed,” he summed up.

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FUTURE OF FARMING DIALOGUE: TRANSFORMATION OF AGRICULTURE THROUGH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY

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Автоматически созданное описание

Virtual reality: to what extent does technology affect the success of a grower?

Date December 2, 2021 (Thursday)

Time 14:00

Link

Technology has changed dramatically over the last twenty years. Thanks to its rapid development, we explore, interact, buy and live differently. Agriculture is no exception. Growers can no longer work without satellites, drones and artificial intelligence. Technologies that help to collect data are becoming very important. However, perception of modern agriculture can be quite different – from a small farmer in a cab of old tractor to highly mechanized operations full of tractors and thousands of hectares. Sometimes it may seem that only high-tech farms use digital technology. But this is not quite true. Similar to how everyone on the planet uses smartphones, growers protect their crops with digital technology. But can digitalization really transform agriculture?  Can a farmer grow more using less?

This is what we will discuss on December 2 during the panel discussion “Transformation of Agriculture through Digital Technology”:

  • Is it possible to increase trust, transparency, reduce risks and be efficient in the relationship with a client, by providing new technologies, new opportunities, and a scientific basis?
  • How do optimal based pricing models and digital tools help to create sustainable food system?
  • How do investments in the development of new crop protection products, innovative genetics and digital tools help farmers to get better yields and to protect environment?
  • What is the role of data in decision-making?

These and other important topics our participants will be discussing during the panel discussion:

  • Olga Trofimtseva, President of Agricultural Platform
  • Sergiy Sychevskyi, Business Development Manager, Bayer
  • Dmytro Zaitsev, Head of Precision Agriculture Department, Continental Farmers Group
  • Mykola Chornonos, Head of Precision Agriculture Department and Telemetry in Ukraine, Moldova, Scandinavia and the Baltics, CNH Ukraine.
  • Kirill Druzhynin, Head of Innovations, Agrain

Moderator: Oleg Nivievskyi, Assistant Professor/Center for Food and Land Use Research at Kyiv School of Economics

Partner: Bayer.

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UKRAINIAN AGRARIAN ASSOCIATIONS NEED 1.25 BCM OF GAS TO PRODUCE FERTILIZERS – UAC

Public associations of farmers are asking the government to consider the possibility of providing chemical enterprises with a commodity loan for 1.25 billion cubic meters of natural gas for the production of mineral fertilizers, this will avoid a shortage of fertilizers and “unrestrained price increases” for them next spring.The corresponding appeal of the Ukrainian Agribusiness Club (UAC), the Agrarian Union of Ukraine, the Federation of Employers, the Union of Chemists of Ukraine, the Ukrainian League of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, the Council of Entrepreneurs under the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Ukrainian Agri Council and the Ukrainian Agrarian confederation to Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal was published on the UAC’s website.As stated in the appeal, over the past month, most of the major European producers of nitrogen mineral fertilizers have reduced production due to a sharp rise in prices for natural gas, which leads to a shortage of mineral fertilizers in the European and world markets.According to UAC, Ukraine meets the needs for mineral fertilizers mainly due to domestic production, while in order to provide the country’s sowing campaign, 2.3 million tonnes of fertilizers are needed for the period of November 2021-May 2022, of which 75% is expected from domestic production and 25% – from import supplies.In such conditions, an important component of providing Ukrainian farmers with nitrogen fertilizers is the stable and uninterrupted operation of domestic producers, primarily in the winter period, when their stock is formed for the spring sowing campaign and feeding winter crops. In turn, this can be achieved only if there is a necessary supply of natural gas, the main raw material for the chemical industry at a stable price.The associations in their appeal suggested that the government consider the possibility of allocating a commodity loan for 1.25 billion cubic meters of natural gas to domestic producers of nitrogen fertilizers for the period from November 2021 to April 2022 at the expense of the reserves of NJSC Naftogaz Ukrainy.

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KSG AGRO INCREASES CREDIT LINE AT TASCOMBANK BY $6.5 MLN

KSG Agro agricultural holding increased the multicurrency credit line at TAScombank (Kyiv) from $12 million to $18.5 million, the company said in a report published on the website of the Warsaw Stock Exchange on Monday.
“We can use these lines for sowing and harvesting […] In addition, one of the goals of increasing the credit line is to refinance foreign exchange obligations and hedge currency risks,” Chairman of the Board of Directors of KSG Agro Serhiy Kasianov said.
He said that part of the funds is also planned to be used for further reconstruction and modernization of the pig breeding farm in the village of Nyva Trudova (Dnipropetrovsk region).
According to the report, hryvnia equivalent for the volume of the credit line is UAH 522 million, the term is three years. The interest rate was not disclosed.
As reported, in April 2020, KSG Agro increased the existing credit line at TAScombank by almost $4 million, to $12 million.
The vertically integrated holding KSG Agro is engaged in pig breeding and production, storage, processing and sale of grain and oilseeds.

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UKRAINE USES OPPORTUNITIES OF 31 OUT OF 40 QUOTAS FOR DUTY-FREE EXPORT OF AGRO PRODUCTS TO EU

Ukrainian exporters this year will use the opportunities for 31 out of 40 tariff quotas for duty-free supplies of agricultural products to the European Union, as of the end of August, eight tariff quotas have already been fully used, the Development Director of the Ukrainian Horticultural Association, UN FAO International Consultant Yekateryna Zvereva has said.

“In 2020, Ukrainian exporters will take advantage of 31 out of 40 tariff quotas. As of the end of August, eight tariff quotas have already been fully used: honey, barley and flour, processed tomatoes, processed starch, grape and apple juices, corn, malt and starch products, sugar. Tariff quotas are used for cereals (81.2%), eggs and albumin (75%), poultry (73.4%), starch (73.3%), malt and wheat gluten (72.2%), additional quotas for eggs and albumin (60.4%), bran, waste and residues (55.2%), additional quota for poultry (53.1%), oats (45.3%), wheat (40.2%), etc.,” she wrote in a column for the Interfax-Ukraine agency.

According to Zvereva, in 2016-2019 the positive dynamics of development of trade with the European Union, which today is the main trade partner of Ukraine with a share of more than 41% of the total volume of trade in goods, is obvious. Trade in goods with high added value is gradually growing.

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KSG AGRO ENDS CAMPAIGN SOWING CROPS

KSG Аgro on May 19, 2020 completed the sowing campaign 2020 launched on April 8, and sunflower, maize and sunflower, maize and sorghum were sown on 10,420 ha. More…

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