Ukrainian enterprises in January-May this year increased exports of ferrous scrap by 8.9 times compared to the same period last year, to 146,345 tonnes, including 59,366 tonnes of scrap exported in May.
According to statistics released by the State Customs Service on Wednesday, in monetary terms, exports of scrap metal increased by 12.5 times, to $52.333 million.
At the same time, in January-May this year, the country increased imports of scrap metal in quantity terms by 51.3%, to 10,351 tonnes. In monetary terms, imports of scrap increased by 2.4 times, to $18.007 million.
Scrap metal in January-May this year was mainly imported from Turkey (63.78% of deliveries in monetary terms), the Russian Federation (28.98%) and the U.S. (2.26%); and exported – to Turkey (96.26%), Germany (0.99%) and Lithuania (0.91%).
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky has signed the law on amendments to Section II Final and Transitional Provisions of the law of Ukraine on amending certain laws of Ukraine concerning reducing the shortage of ferrous scrap on the domestic market, by which it is proposed to prolong the export duty in the amount of EUR 58 per tonne for another five years.
“This document extends for five years – until September 15, 2026, the period of validity of the export duty rate of EUR 58 per tonne for waste and scrap of ferrous metals. Thus, conditions are created to prevent a shortage of ferrous scrap in Ukraine, which will contribute to smooth operation of domestic metallurgical industry, preserving jobs and increasing tax revenues to the budgets of all levels,” the press service of the head of state said.
In addition, the document will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere, which is in line with Ukraine’s intentions to join the European Green Deal, since each tonne of recycled scrap metal saves 1.5 tonnes of CO2, 1.4 tonnes of iron ore and 740 kg of coal.
“Recycling of scrap into steel requires only 1/3 of energy costs in comparison with the production of steel from primary raw materials,” it said.
The law comes into force the next day after its publication.
Ukrainian enterprises in January-April this year increased the export of ferrous scrap 7.5 times compared to the same period last year, to 86,979 tonnes, including 37,874 tonnes of scrap in April.
According to statistics released by the State Customs Service on Tuesday, in monetary terms, the export of scrap metal grew 10 times, to $30.712 million.
At the same time, in January-April of this year, the country increased the import of scrap metal in kind by 36.1%, to 7,755 tonnes. In monetary terms, the import of scrap increased 2.1 times, to $13.009 million.
The import of scrap metal in January-April of this year was carried out mainly from Turkey (61.77% of deliveries in monetary terms), the Russian Federation (29.56%) and the United States (3.13%); export – to Turkey (94.65%), Lithuania (1.32%) and Germany (1.25%).
Ukrainian enterprises in January-May 2019 decreased exports of ferrous scrap metal by 85.7% compared to January-May 2018, to 36,515 tonnes (250,984 tonnes in January-May 2018). According to customs statistics released by the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine, exports of scrap metal in monetary terms fell by 88.1%, to $9.983 million ($83.484 million a year ago).
Some 8,086 tonnes of scrap metal was exported in May, 8,791 tonnes in April, 8,246 in March, 8,252 tonnes in February and 3,140 tonnes in January.
At the same time, in January-May 2019, the country increased imports of scrap metal in kind by 38.4% compared to January-May 2018, to 28,710 tonnes. Imports in monetary terms decreased 10.9%, to $14.792 million.
Imports of scrap metal in January-May 2019 arrived mainly from Russia (49.09% of deliveries in monetary terms), Turkey (43.71%), and South Korea (3.13%); and major exports were shipped to Turkey (88.76%), the Netherlands (6.26%) and Germany (3.42%).
Ukrainian metal companies in January-May 2018 and January-May 2019 did not import ferrous products obtained by direct reduction of iron ore (HS code 7203) – hot briquetted iron (HBI), which is a substitute for pig iron and scrap metal.
As reported, Ukrainian enterprises in 2018 decreased exports of ferrous scrap metal by 33% compared to 2017, to 327,547 tonnes. Exports of scrap metal in monetary terms fell by 13.3%, to $105.646 million.
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