Business news from Ukraine

GAS TRANSIT THROUGH UKRAINE’S GTS DOWN BY 21%

Transit of natural gas through the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine in January-October 2021 amounted to 35.3 billion cubic meters, which is 21.6% less than in the same period of 2020 (45 billion cubic meters), and 56.7% less than in ten months of 2019 (81.5 billion cubic meters), according the Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU).
In particular, in the western direction 32.456 billion cubic meters of gas were supplied by transit (to Slovakia – 22.43 billion cubic meters, to Hungary – 6.799 billion cubic meters, to Poland – 3.227 billion cubic meters); in the south direction – 2.833 billion cubic meters were supplied (to Moldova – 2.439 billion cubic meters, and to Romania – 394 million cubic meters).
In October, transit amounted to 2.634 billion cubic meters, which is 19.1% less than in September due to the cessation of gas supplies to Hungary via the Ukrainian route by Gazprom. In particular, in the direction of Slovakia, transit amounted to 2.117 billion cubic meters, Poland – 342 million cubic meters, and Moldova – 176 million cubic meters.
The GTSOU notes that according to the results of booking the capacities of the Ukrainian GTS on the RBP and GSA platforms for October 2021, Gazprom not only did not book the additional transit capacities, but also significantly reduced the use of the booked annual capacities, since no applications for transit of Russian gas to Hungary were received from October 1.
As a result, the average daily volumes of Russian gas transported through the territory of Ukraine in October fell to 86 million cubic meters, which is below the minimum volume under the current transit agreement (110 million cubic meters).
“We are concerned about the reduction in transit of Russian gas through the Ukrainian route: since October 1, the volume of pumping has been lower than the booked capacity. Although since November 1, transit to Moldova has increased thanks to a new contract for the supply of gas from the Russian Federation, however, the overall use of the Ukrainian GTS capacity for transit of Russian gas continues to decline: on average, at the beginning of November, it was 60 million cubic meters per day,” GTSOU Director General Serhiy Makogon said.

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DISCONTINUING GAS TRANSIT ACROSS UKRAINE WOULD DAMAGE HUNGARY

Hungary is interested in the continuation of natural gas transit across Ukraine, Hungarian Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto said.
“I don’t understand why not ship gas via the southeastern route [after the launch of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline]. Hungary views this matter from a strategic standpoint, because the absence of transit across Ukraine would cause damage to our country,” Szijjarto said at a press conference following negotiations with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
Each country should make decisions on sources and routes of energy supply primarily based on its own national interests,” he said.

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GAS TRANSIT THROUGH UKRAINE’S GTS DECREASES BY 14%

Transit of natural gas through the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine in January-July 2021 amounted to 25.616 billion cubic meters, which is 14.1% less than in the same period in 2020 (29.82 billion cubic meters), according to the data of Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU).
In particular, in January, transit amounted to 3.863 billion cubic meters (124.6 million cubic meters per day), in February – 2.907 billion cubic meters (103.8 million cubic meters per day), in March – 3.694 billion cubic meters (119.2 million cubic meters per day), in April – 3.718 billion cubic meters (123.9 million cubic meters per day), in May – 3.86 billion cubic meters (124.5 million cubic meters per day), in June – 3.723 billion cubic meters (124.1 million cubic meters per day), in July – 3.851 billion cubic meters (124.2 million cubic meters per day).
According to the press service of the company, in particular, 23.3 billion cubic meters of gas were transported by transit in the western directions (Slovakia – 15.8 billion cubic meters, Hungary – 5.3 billion cubic meters, Poland – 2.2 billion cubic meters), in the south – 2.3 billion cubic meters (Moldova – 1.9 billion cubic meters, Romania – 400 million cubic meters).
GTSOU notes that in July Gazprom used all previously booked capacities, but showed no interest in additional transit capacities, despite the record growth in prices in European gas markets, as well as low volumes in European storage facilities and the planned stop of Yamal-Europe routes and Nord Stream 1.
According to GTSOU Director General Serhiy Makogon, Gazprom is emptying its UGS facilities in Europe in order to compensate Europeans for the lost gas volumes, and at the same time not to increase additional transit through Ukraine.

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GERMANY PROMOTES EXTENSION OF AGREEMENT ON GAS TRANSIT THROUGH UKRAINE

Federal Minister of Finance of the Federal Republic of Germany Olaf Scholz said that Germany will seek the extension of the agreement on gas transit through Ukraine.
“We work very hard to make sure that the gas transit agreement between Ukraine and Russia is prolonged,” Scholz said in an interview with Bloomberg on Friday.
According to the position of Germany, the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which runs along the bottom of the Baltic Sea, should be finished, but gas transit through Ukraine should be preserved.
According to Scholz, Germany sees its responsibility to ensure transit through Ukraine in the future, and not only for two or three years, but for decades to come.
The current agreement, according to Government Spokesperson Steffen Seibert, is valid until at least 2024, but the agreement implies that the parties will check the possibility of extending the agreement until 2034.

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GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER: GAS TRANSIT THROUGH UKRAINE SHOULD REMAIN AFTER NORD STREAM 2 CONSTRUCTION

Transit of gas through Ukraine should remain even after the construction of Nord Stream 2, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said.
Maas told journalists in Berlin on Wednesday that Chancellor Angela Merkel told Russian President Vladimir Putin long ago that for Germany, the completion of the construction of Nord Stream 2 is associated with the need for further gas transit through Ukraine.
According to him, nothing will change in Germany’s position in this regard.

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GAS TRANSIT THROUGH UKRAINE DECREASES IN JAN-APRIL

Transit of natural gas through the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine in January-April 2021 amounted to 14.1 billion cubic meters, which is 9% less than in the same period in 2020 (15.5 billion cubic meters), according to the statement of Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine LLC (GTSOU).
In particular, 12.5 billion cubic meters of gas were supplied in the western direction as transit (8.4 billion cubic meters to Slovakia, 2.9 billion cubic meters to Hungary, 1.2 billion cubic meters to Poland), 1.7 billion cubic meters to the south (1.3 billion cubic meters to Moldova, and 0.4 billion cubic meters to Romania).
According to Commercial Director of the operator Yevhen Todorov, GTSOU put up for auction for the distribution of additional capacities at interstate entry points from the Russian Federation for May 2021. However, market participants, in particular the Russian side, did not show interest in the proposal.
“Taking into account the seasonal market demand for gas in the EU and limited transportation volumes, starting from April 1, 2021, the price at gas hubs has shown an increase and from the beginning of the year to May 12, it has increased by 36%, to EUR 26.4 per MWh at the NCG hub on condition of delivery one day ahead (about EUR 279 per 1,000 cubic meters),” he said.
In addition, gas transportation from Europe to Ukraine in January-April 2021 amounted to 0.55 billion cubic meters, which is seven times less than in the same period in 2020 (3.87 billion cubic meters). Ukraine received 0.07 billion cubic meters of gas from NCG, 0.48 billion cubic meters from Hungary, while almost no gas was delivered to the country from Poland, Romania and Moldova.
Gas supplies as virtual reverse flow to Ukraine amounted to 0.49 billion cubic meters, or almost 90% of transportation. Gas flow in the “customs warehouse” mode amounted to 0.08 billion cubic meters versus 1.22 billion cubic meters in the same period in 2020.
Gas re-export from Ukraine in the four months ended April 2021 amounted to 0.68 billion cubic meters, while for the whole last year traders almost did not order re-export services.

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