Ukrainian banks expect that lending and inflow of deposits continue in 2019, they also count on improvement of the loan portfolio, according to the poll on the conditions of banking lending conducted by the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU). According to a report posted on the central bank’s website, three quarters of the banks surveyed predict growth in corporate loans in 2019, 62% of respondents – the growth of consumer loans.
Some 66% of respondents predict the continuation of the inflow of deposits from the public in 2019, 67% – the inflow of business funds.
“The value of deposits is the highest in the entire history of observations,” the NBU said.
In the fourth quarter of 2018, the demand for loans continued to increase both from the public and business, due to the growing needs of enterprises in funds for capital investment and replenishment of working capital, as well as debt restructuring. At the same time, the business was mainly interested in short-term hryvnia loans.
In the fourth quarter of 2018, banks somewhat increased the standards for approving applications for all types of business loans along with deteriorating expectations, primarily for the exchange rate and economic development, as well as increased collateral risk. However, in the first quarter of 2019, banks plan to slightly relax domestic business lending requirements, especially for loans to small and medium-sized enterprises.
Consumer lending contributed to growth in the retail loan portfolio in the fourth quarter of 2018. The demand for respective loans was linked to an improvement in consumer confidence and a rise in spending on durable goods.
Standards for loans issued to households have not changed.
According to the report, banks, for the first time in five quarters, noted a decrease in liquidity risk.
“Banks expect that credit, currency and operational risks will increase in the first quarter of 2019, liquidity risks will decrease, interest rates will not change,” the NBU said.
The survey was conducted from December 18, 2018 to January 10, 2019 among the loan managers of 61 banks, which share of the total assets of the banking system is 96%. The next survey on bank lending will be about expectations for the second quarter of 2019 and will be published in April.
The share of non-performing loans (NPL) in the total volume of loans in Ukraine in July 2018 fell to 55.06% from 55.68%, according to the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU). The central bank said that in particular, the share of NPL in the loan portfolio of PrivatBank fell to 84.54% from 84.64%, in other state-owned banks to 59.09% from 59.11%, in portfolios of foreign bank groups – to 41.75% from 42.54% and banks with private capital it grew to 24.6% from 24.09%.
The volume of NPL of banks in July grew by UAH 5.092 billion, to UAH 631.231 billion, including in state-owned banks by UAH 7.073 billion, to UAH 419.963 billion, in banks with private capital – by UAH 865 million, to UAH 31.817 billion and in banks of foreign bank groups – by UAH 871 million, to UAH 168.338 billion.
The share of all NPL of the loan portfolio of the corporate sector in July fell to 57.28% from 57.83% and in the loan portfolio of individuals – to 50.72% from 51.32%.
Apartment building co-owners associations are demonstrating a growing interest in energy efficiency measures in 2018 compared to last year, as evidenced by the results of June, the State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving has said. “More than 300 apartment building co-owners associations raised UAH 90 mln in energy efficiency loans this June, which is five times [or 80%] higher than last June. Around 90 associations received UAH 18.5 mln in energy efficiency loans then,” the state agency’s press service reported on July 8, 2018.
The agency also said that the monitoring of the program implementation has shown homeowner associations’ greater interest in getting energy efficiency loans as well as their growing trust and confidence in the mechanism of co-financing energy efficiency measures.
Some 930 homeowner associations raised UAH 260 mln in energy efficiency loans over two and a half months in 2018, which is almost twice as much as UAH 140 mln – the sum of money they received for heat insulation projects throughout 2017.
“The apartment building co-owners associations should continue preparations for the next heating season and insulate their houses with the help of energy efficiency loans,” Chairman of the State Agency for Energy Efficiency Serhiy Savchuk said and added that benefits of the loan program included the opportunities to save the costs of energy efficiency measures, reduce utility bills and increase the value of apartments in modernized buildings.
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine has provided government guarantees for loans in the amount of UAH 1.055 billion taken by state-owned enterprises Lvivvuhillia, Pervomaiskvuhillia, Selidovvuhillia, Toretskvuhillia and Surhai Mine to implement investment projects.
The resolution was approved at a government meeting on Wednesday.
According to the documents, Pervomaiskvuhillia attracts UAH 276.21 million to prepare and launch a new longwall, Selidovvuhillia – UAH 278.12 million for refitting of 11th longwall of one of its coalmines.
Surhai Mine will take a loan of UAH 138.84 million for own re-equipment and Toretskvuhillia will take UAH 21.15 million for refitting of one longwall of one of its coalmines.
Lvivvuhillia will attract UAH 112.2 million for re-equipment of Vidrodzhennia Coalmine and UAH 228.11 million for Stepova coalmine.
The government guarantee covers 80% of liabilities, including the principal of the loan and credit rates. The fee for the government guarantee is 0.001% per annum of the unpaid sum of the loan.
The share of non-performing loans (NPL) in the total volume of loans in Ukraine in March 2018 grew by 0.18 percentage points (p.p.), to 56.38% as of April 1, 2018, according to the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU). The total loan portfolio expanded by 0.4%, to UAH 1.117 trillion.
The ratio of NPL and the credit portfolio of state-owned banks grew by 0.15 p.p. in a month, to 72.29%, that of foreign bank groups fell by 0.65 p.p, to 45.27%, that of banks with private capital fell by 0.04 p.p, to 24.8% and insolvent banks grew by 0.22 p.p, to 58.44%.
Since the start of the year, the share of NPL has grown by 1.84% and the portfolio has expanded by 2.42%.
The share of troubled assets of the banking system, taking into account off-balance sheet liabilities, was 29.67% (0.22 p.p. up). As of April 1, 2018 these assets totaled UAH 2.214 trillion (0.04% down in a month and 0.7% up since early 2018).
The NBU first published statistics for NPL meeting the requirements in resolution No. 351 dated June 30, 2016 on assessment of credit risks in March 2017. The resolution says that NPL notion as close as possible to the common notion in global practice “non-performing exposures/loans” (NPE/NPL).
According to the new rules, NPL are loans overdue for over 90 days (30 for banks) or it is unlikely that the debt without seizing collateral can be collected.