Ukraine’s metallurgical enterprises in September 2020 reduced steel production by 5.4% compared to the same period in 2019, to 1.651 million tonnes, ranking 13th among 64 countries, the world’s main producers of these products compiled by the World Steel Association (Worldsteel).
In September, a drop in steel production from September 2019 was recorded in most of the top ten countries, except for India, Japan, the United States and Germany.
The top ten steel producing countries in September are as follows: China (92.555 million tonnes, an increase of 10.9%), India (8.52 million tonnes, a drop of 2.9%), Japan (6.486 million tonnes, a drop of 19.3%), Russia (5.86 million tonnes, 0.8% up), South Korea (5.831 million tonnes, 2.1% up), the United States (5.709 million tonnes, a drop of 18.5%), Turkey (3.225 million tonnes, an increase of 18%), Germany (3.018 million tonnes, 9.7% down), Brazil (2.574 million tonnes, an increase of 7.5%), and Vietnam (2.321 million tonnes, an increase of 45.3%).
They are followed by Iran (2.26 million tonnes, an increase of 2.2%), Italy (1.894 million tonnes, a drop of 18.7%), Ukraine (1.651 million tonnes, a decrease of 5.4%), Taiwan (1.605 million tonnes, a decrease of 8.1%), and Mexico (1.4 million tonnes, minus 3.9%).
In September, 64 countries produced 156.359 million tonnes of steel, which is 2.9% more than in September 2019.
In January-September 2020, 64 countries produced 1.347 billion tonnes of steel, which is 3.2% less than a year ago.
Ukrainian metal and mining enterprises in January-August 2020 decreased rolled steel output 1.5% year-over-year, to 12.337 million tonnes.
According to the Ukrmetallurgprom association, steel smelting fell by 6.2%, to 13.742 million tonnes, cast iron output by 0.9%, to 13.599 million tonnes.
In August 2020, Ukrainian metal companies produced 1.69 million tonnes of rolled steel, 1.887 million tonnes of steel, and 1.858 million tonnes of cast iron.
As reported, Ukrainian metal and mining enterprises in 2019 cut rolled steel output by 1% year-over-year, to 18.4 million tonnes. Steel smelting fell by 1%, to 20.8 million tonnes, cast iron output by 2%, to 20 million tonnes.
The metallurgical enterprises of Ukraine in 2020, according to the updated forecast, will reduce steel production by 4.1%, to 20 million tonnes compared to actual production in 2019 in the amount of 20.848 million tonnes, and by 7% compared to the original forecast, when steelmaking in the country was predicted this year in the amount of 21.5 million tonnes.
According to the updated balance sheet for the formation and consumption of scrap metal in Ukraine for 2020, published by the Ukrainian Association of Secondary Metals (UAVtormet), 2.7 million tonnes of scrap metal will be required to produce 20 million tonnes of steel at Ukrainian metal enterprises (a decrease of 10.3% compared to 2019, when 3.011 million tonnes of imported scrap metal was delivered).
In addition, it is forecasted that export of scrap metal from Ukraine this year will amount to 50,000 tonnes, while in 2019 it amounted to 40,900 tonnes (an increase of 22.2%). At the same time, scrap import in 2020 will also amount to 50,000 tonnes.
At the same time, according to the balance sheet, scrap metal procurement in 2020 should decrease by 18.2% compared to 2019, to 2.750 million tonnes.
It is also stated that in January-April 2020, Ukraine reduced steel production by 9.5% compared to the same period last year, to 6.731 million tonnes. During this period, 901,100 tonnes of scrap metal was delivered to the country’s metal enterprises (a decrease of 8.7% compared to the four months of 2019). Exports of scrap metal from Ukraine in the four months decreased by 59.1%, to 11,600 tonnes, imports by 74.6%, to 5,700 tonnes. Scrap metal procurement for this period fell by 10.2%, to 958,300 tonnes.
Interpipe, the international vertically integrated pipe and wheel company, increased steel production by 4.8% in January-February of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019, to 138,200 tonnes.
According to the company’s monthly report on Thursday, March 19, pipe production decreased by 32.9%, to 70,500 tonnes, railway wheel production increased by 20.3%, to 17,500 tonnes for two months.
In February, production of steel amounted to 72,900 tonnes, railway wheels amounted to 18,100 tonnes, pipes amounted to 38,400 tonnes.
The company increased sales of round steel billets by 36.3%, to 4,400 tonnes, railway wheels by 43.2%, to 39,600 tonnes and reduced pipe sales by 31.3%, to 66,800 tonnes in January-February of 2020.
It is also reported that pipes were sold in Europe (35%), MENA region (22%), Ukraine (18%), the American continent (13%), the CIS (10%) and other regions (2%). Railway wheels were sold in the CIS (47%), Europe (30%), Ukraine (14%), MENA region (3%), the U.S. continent (4%) and other regions (2%) in January-February of 2020.
According to the company’s statement, the increase in sales of OCTG (oil country tubular goods) in February compared with January was due to an increase in supplies to Africa and the CIS countries, as well as stable supplies to other regions. The main part of the growth in sales of gas and oil pipelines was supported by the countries of the Middle East, Turkey and Ukraine.
“Mechanical pipes showed lower productivity compared to January due to a slowdown in industrial activity in Europe. Negative dynamics of railway wheel sales in February (14.7% less compared to January) is mainly due to the elimination of finished products overstock, accumulated in 2019, which was observed in January,” reads the statement.