Transit of natural gas through the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine in January-October 2021 amounted to 35.3 billion cubic meters, which is 21.6% less than in the same period of 2020 (45 billion cubic meters), and 56.7% less than in ten months of 2019 (81.5 billion cubic meters), according the Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU).
In particular, in the western direction 32.456 billion cubic meters of gas were supplied by transit (to Slovakia – 22.43 billion cubic meters, to Hungary – 6.799 billion cubic meters, to Poland – 3.227 billion cubic meters); in the south direction – 2.833 billion cubic meters were supplied (to Moldova – 2.439 billion cubic meters, and to Romania – 394 million cubic meters).
In October, transit amounted to 2.634 billion cubic meters, which is 19.1% less than in September due to the cessation of gas supplies to Hungary via the Ukrainian route by Gazprom. In particular, in the direction of Slovakia, transit amounted to 2.117 billion cubic meters, Poland – 342 million cubic meters, and Moldova – 176 million cubic meters.
The GTSOU notes that according to the results of booking the capacities of the Ukrainian GTS on the RBP and GSA platforms for October 2021, Gazprom not only did not book the additional transit capacities, but also significantly reduced the use of the booked annual capacities, since no applications for transit of Russian gas to Hungary were received from October 1.
As a result, the average daily volumes of Russian gas transported through the territory of Ukraine in October fell to 86 million cubic meters, which is below the minimum volume under the current transit agreement (110 million cubic meters).
“We are concerned about the reduction in transit of Russian gas through the Ukrainian route: since October 1, the volume of pumping has been lower than the booked capacity. Although since November 1, transit to Moldova has increased thanks to a new contract for the supply of gas from the Russian Federation, however, the overall use of the Ukrainian GTS capacity for transit of Russian gas continues to decline: on average, at the beginning of November, it was 60 million cubic meters per day,” GTSOU Director General Serhiy Makogon said.
Gazprom is boosting gas pumping via Ukraine’s gas transmission system and is likely to exceed its contract obligations, but it will not be profitable to increase pumping even further, Russian President Vladimir Putin said during a meeting on the development of the energy sector.
“We are seeing all kinds of speculation on the topic of Ukraine’s gas transmission system, on supplies through it; I would also like to note that here now. Our contact obligations for supplies through Ukraine’s gas transmission system are 40 billion cubic meters of gas per year, and in 9M this year, Gazprom increased these supplies, this pumping, to be more precise, through the Ukrainian transmission system more than 8%. We can say with confidence that we will exceed our contract obligations for gas supplies through the territory of Ukraine. It is unprofitable for Gazprom to increase them further, because it is more expensive. Pumping through the new systems is significantly cheaper, by around $3 billion per year against corresponding supply volumes,” Putin said.
Transit of natural gas through the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine in January-July 2021 amounted to 25.616 billion cubic meters, which is 14.1% less than in the same period in 2020 (29.82 billion cubic meters), according to the data of Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU).
In particular, in January, transit amounted to 3.863 billion cubic meters (124.6 million cubic meters per day), in February – 2.907 billion cubic meters (103.8 million cubic meters per day), in March – 3.694 billion cubic meters (119.2 million cubic meters per day), in April – 3.718 billion cubic meters (123.9 million cubic meters per day), in May – 3.86 billion cubic meters (124.5 million cubic meters per day), in June – 3.723 billion cubic meters (124.1 million cubic meters per day), in July – 3.851 billion cubic meters (124.2 million cubic meters per day).
According to the press service of the company, in particular, 23.3 billion cubic meters of gas were transported by transit in the western directions (Slovakia – 15.8 billion cubic meters, Hungary – 5.3 billion cubic meters, Poland – 2.2 billion cubic meters), in the south – 2.3 billion cubic meters (Moldova – 1.9 billion cubic meters, Romania – 400 million cubic meters).
GTSOU notes that in July Gazprom used all previously booked capacities, but showed no interest in additional transit capacities, despite the record growth in prices in European gas markets, as well as low volumes in European storage facilities and the planned stop of Yamal-Europe routes and Nord Stream 1.
According to GTSOU Director General Serhiy Makogon, Gazprom is emptying its UGS facilities in Europe in order to compensate Europeans for the lost gas volumes, and at the same time not to increase additional transit through Ukraine.
Ukraine may return to the idea of attracting European and American companies to manage its gas transmission system (GTS), Advisor to the Minister of Energy of Ukraine Lana Zerkal has said, expressing this opinion on the air of ICTV TV channel.
“This may be the same idea that was in 2019 for a joint consortium involving European and American companies to use the Ukrainian pipeline,” the ministry’s press service said, citing her.
According to Zerkal, this step will contribute to the lifting of Gazprom’s export monopoly on gas sales, since European consumers will have access to the GTS, deciding which gas supply route is more profitable for them.
“This is a geopolitical problem and it must be resolved at the geopolitical level using mechanisms inherent in geopolitics. Nord Stream 2 has become a stumbling block for the whole of Europe and for transatlantic relations. This is not only a question of Ukraine. This gas pipe has become an issue and a subject of international negotiations at the highest level,” Zerkal said.
She recalled that with the help of Ukraine’s partners in the European Union, it was already possible to amend the EU Third Gas Directive, which provides for its application to Nord Stream 2.
“It is very important that it be applied in full, because it will make it possible to balance market relations if Nord Stream 2 is nevertheless completed, certified and launched,” she said.
According to her, the EU has tools that can secure Ukraine from the use of Nord Stream 2 in full, leaving the Ukrainian GTS without transit.
“But for this we need to work with the European Commission, as well as with other countries that are also not interested in the launch of Nord Stream 2,” Zerkal said.
Romania’s gas transmission system (GTS) operator SNTGN Transgaz has started selling capacity at the point of interstate connection with Ukraine Orlivka/Isaccea-1 on the RBP auction platform since April.
In this regard, the Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU) congratulated the Romanian colleagues in its message, expressing hope for the signing of interaction agreements at other points of connection between the countries.
“GTSOU constantly and systematically works with all its colleagues to ensure that such practices become a reality on each border with Ukraine and contribute to the further integration of Ukrainian and neighboring markets. We are glad that Romanian colleagues have now joined Poland and Hungary. This is another step towards easing the use of the Trans-Balkan Gas Corridor. We hope that our Slovak colleagues will support the trend of introducing auctions even before the end of 2021,” Director on Government and International Affairs Olha Bielkova said.
GTSOU said that the distribution of capacities at auctions is a transparent mechanism for the sale of services for the transportation of natural gas, in accordance with the Third EU Energy Package. From October 1, 2020, GTSOU, like all EU countries, distributes capacities to all points of interstate connection exclusively through auctions.
Transit of natural gas through the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine in January-August 2020 amounted to 34.8 billion cubic meters., which is 42% less than in the same period in 2019 (59.6 billion cubic meters).
According to the report of Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine LLC (GTSOU), 32.4 billion cubic meters of gas were transported in the western direction (Slovakia – 23.9 billion cubic meters, Hungary – 5.9 billion cubic meters, Poland – 2.6 billion cubic meters), which is 36% less than in January-August-2019, in the trans-Balkan region – 2.3 billion cubic meters (Moldova – 1.87 billion cubic meters, Romania – 0.46 billion cubic meters), which is 73% less than last year in this direction.
Despite a significant drop in transit compared to last year, Gazprom (Russia) fully pays for the transit capacity booked for this year (178 million cubic meters per day), which it used by 80% in January-August.
“For its part, GTSOU fulfills all daily requests and will continue ensuring uninterrupted gas transportation to European countries in the future,” the company said.