The mortgage program, which is being implemented by the government at the initiative of the president of Ukraine through the Entrepreneurship Development Fund, did not affect housing sales, Viktoria Volkovska, the director general of the Finance and Investment Management Association (FIMA), has told Interfax-Ukraine.
According to FIMA research, 53.8% of surveyed managers of construction financing funds did not notice the impact of “mortgage at 7%” on sales and do not expect it in the future. At the same time, 38.5% still hope that it will have an impact on the volume of construction and sales. Only 7.7% are optimistic about the program and consider it as the beginning of active growth in the industry.
“Some 38.5% of respondents see the reason for the not very successful start of the “mortgage at 7%” as the conditions of the program do not suit the borrowers,” Volkovska said.
At the same time, 30.8% of respondents indicated that the terms of the program do not suit lenders and developers, and 7.7% simply believe that the program does not work.
“The fact that borrowers cannot pass financial scoring at the bank because of their salaries in envelopes is not considered a problem,” the expert emphasized.
The FIMA study is based on an online survey of construction finance fund managers, conducted following the results of the first half of 2021.
The Finance and Investment Management Association (FIMA) was established in May 2020. It unites 41 financial companies-managers of construction financing funds in Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa, Dnipropetrovsk, Khmelnytsky and Kharkiv.
The volume of mortgage lending in April 2021 amounted to UAH 789.1 million, which is a third more than in March and 10 times more than in April 2020, when the issuance of new mortgage loans almost stopped, according to the results of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) survey of banks.
According to the NBU on Wednesday, 997 agreements were concluded in April, which is a third more than last month and 7.1 times more than in April last year.
The NBU noted that in general, over the four months, banks issued 2,808 mortgage loans totaling UAH 2.2 billion, which is 2 times more in terms of the number of agreements and almost 3 times more in monetary terms compared to the corresponding period last year.
According to the survey, 90% of mortgage agreements in April were drawn up with five banks, which indicates the concentration of the mortgage lending market.
The NBU said that in April, the volume of loan issuance for the purchase of primary real estate increased by 1.5 times, to UAH 43.2 million, and secondary real estate – by a third, to UAH 168.5 million.
According to the results, the secondary housing market continues to dominate significantly in terms of the number and volume of lending, in particular, the share of mortgage agreements for the purchase of housing in the secondary market in February amounted to about 87% in terms of all new loans.
It is indicated that the average amount of a loan for the purchase of housing continues to grow and in April it amounted to UAH 791,000, including the average amount of a new mortgage loan for the purchase of primary real estate in the reporting month amounted to UAH 925,000, and secondary real estate – UAH 771,000.
According to the central bank, in April the average effective rate of a mortgage loan in the secondary market fell to 13.5% compared to 14.0% in March, and in the primary market it remained at about 17.4%.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Parliament) adopted at first reading bill No. 5308, which proposes the issue of securities for UAH 20 billion for the implementation of the Affordable Mortgage president’s program.
The bill in the first reading was supported by 263 MPs. “The bill provides that the Ministry of Finance shall issue government domestic loan bonds… with the subsequent acquisition of shares in state ownership in exchange for the shares of the additional issue of Ukrainian Financial Housing Company to provide citizens with housing and resolve issues of financial and economic activities of the company in connection with the accession to the State Mortgage Institution,” one of the authors of the bill, a member of the Rada budget committee Lesia Zaburanna said from the rostrum of parliament.
Currently, the activities of the State Mortgage Institution are unprofitable, she added.
According to the lawmaker, the adoption of this bill will allow continuing the implementation of existing state programs and will allow in the short term providing about 8,000 mortgage loans for the purchase of housing. It would be possible to buy 12,000 apartments for subsequent transfer to financial leasing.
The volume of mortgage lending in February 2021 amounted to UAH 457.9 million, which is 40% more than in January and 81% more than in February 2020, according to the results of a survey of banks conducted by the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU).
According to the report, 617 mortgage loans were issued in February, which is 39% more than a month earlier and 35% more than in the same period last year.
According to the survey, almost 89% of mortgage agreements in the amount of UAH 380 million in February were drawn up with five banks, which indicates the concentration of the mortgage lending market.
The NBU noted that in February, the volume of issuance for the purchase of primary real estate increased by 13% or UAH 7.7 million, to UAH 66.9 million, and on the secondary market – by 47% or UAH 124.2 million, to UAH 388.45 million.
According to the survey results, the secondary market continues to dominate significantly in terms of the number and volume of lending, in particular, the share of mortgage agreements for the purchase of housing in the secondary market in February amounted to about 85% in terms of all new loans.
In the reporting period, the average effective rate of mortgage loans in the secondary market was 13.9% (in January – 13.8%), and in the primary market – 17.1% (in January -15.9%). A noticeable increase in the cost of loans in the primary market in February was due to an increase in the share of new loans in the market of one of the banks active in mortgage lending, which offers borrowers a relatively high effective interest rate, the regulator explained.
According to the NBU, in a regional context, most mortgage loans in February were issued in Kyiv – 171 agreements totaling UAH 177 million (39% of the total), in Kyiv region – 84 agreements totaling UAH 78.5 million (17%), in Kharkiv region – 76 contracts for a total amount of almost 43 million UAH (9%), in Lviv region – 36 contracts for a total amount of UAH 28.3 million and in Dnipropetrovsk region – 45 contracts for a total amount of UAH 24.2 million.
The Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Finance, the National Bank and profile committees of Ukraine are working on the launch of mechanisms for mortgage lending to the population with a fixed rate of 7% and financial leasing at 5%, Deputy Head of the President’s Office Kyrylo Tymoshenko said.
“A few weeks ago, the Cabinet of Ministers decided to launch a mortgage at 7%, now we are working together with the Ministry of Finance and the National Bank to reach an affordable and clear mortgage with a fixed rate […] There should be clear conditions – with a down payment of 20% for a period of 20 up to 30 years,” Tymoshenko said during the all-Ukrainian forum “Ukraine 30. Infrastructure” on Monday, February 22.
He said that several times, a mortgage with a non-fixed rate had been launched in Ukraine, which caused distrust of the population.
“A separate program is financial leasing, which is carried out by the Ministry of Finance with profile committees, at 5%. First of all, for doctors, military, police, socially unprotected segments of the population, and we also hope that we will be able to implement this for internally displaced persons,” Tymoshenko said.
The deputy head of the President’s Office said that financial leasing for internally displaced persons could start in the near future.
“We have found a mechanism for how to implement this. We hope that in the first half of the year, as the president set the task, this mechanism will be launched,” the deputy head of the President’s Office said.
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky has reported on the fulfillment of his election promise: this year Ukrainians will be able to get an affordable mortgage for housing at 7%.
“We promised to do everything in the program to make young Ukrainian families have a headache from just one question: what to choose – an apartment in the city or a country house,” the head of state recalled in a video message posted on his Facebook page on Friday morning. He noted that an important step has been taken this week on the way to this – the mortgage available for Ukrainians was launched at 7% per annum.
He noted that an important step has been taken this week on the way to this – the mortgage available for Ukrainians was launched at 7% per annum.
“I think this is a great victory. When someone tells you that in his time the indicators in the country were higher, he is not lying in this sense. Because two years ago the average mortgage rate in Ukraine was 21%. Now it will be seven. And already this year, Ukrainians – and, by the way, this applies not only to young families, but also to all our citizens – and so, this year they will be able to get an affordable mortgage for housing at 7%,” Zelensky said.