Capital returns of banks in 2019 would considerably exceed 20%, which is the contingent standard for banking sectors of emerging countries, Director of the Financial Stability Department Vitaliy Vavryschuk said at the presentation of the financial stability report on Tuesday.
“In [the first] five months, the profit is already more than for entire 2018 [in January-May 2019, the net profit of banks was UAH 23.4 billion]. We are confident that capital returns of banks in 2019 would considerably exceed 20%, which is the contingent standard for banking sectors of emerging countries. We do not see any risks to profitability in subsequent quarters,” he said.
According to Vavryschuk, banks should use high profits to form the capital stock. In the coming years, capital requirements will be toughened substantially: it will be necessary to form capital conservation and systemic importance buffers (for systemically important banks), as well as to cover operational and market risks with capital (now only credit risk is covered with capital),” he said.
The net profit of Ukrainian banks, not taking into account insolvent ones, in January-March 2019 totaled UAH 13.167 billion, which is 51.8% more than a year ago, according to a posting on the website of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU).
Revenue of Ukrainian banks over the period grew by 28.6%, to UAH 58.006 billion.
Expenses of the banking system in January-March 2019 accounted for UAH 44.839 billion, which is 23.1% more than a year ago.
The NBU wrote on its Facebook page that there are three factors for the growth of the banking system’s profit in Q1 2019: growth of net interest income of banks by 18%, to UAH 19.5 billion, growth of net commission income of banks by 18%, to UAH 9.9 billion and foreign exchange revaluation profit of UAH 3.8 billion.
According to the NBU, as of April 1, 2019, a total of 77 banks operated in Ukraine.
All solvent banks have enough assets to meet the requirements to generate the capital conservation buffer of 0.625% until 1 January 2020, reads a posting on the website of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU). “The same instruments are used for raising both the buffer and common equity. This means that, considering the requirements to raising the buffer, the common equity adequacy ratio (N3) as of the beginning of 2020 should account for at least 7.625%. According to the data as of March 1, 2019 all solvent banks have adequate capital to ensure compliance with the requirements to raising the capital conservation buffer of 0.625%,” reads the statement.
Onwards, the capital buffer will gradually increase each year until it reaches 2.5% as of January 1, 2023.
According to the NBU, such buffer will ensure that banks have raised a capital surplus during a non-crisis period above the minimum required to absorb any possible losses, which may occur in times of overall economic downturn, without breaching the capital adequacy ratio in the future. This instrument will contribute to the targets of the NBU strategy for financial stability by enhancing banks’ loss absorbing capacity.
As reported, introduction of capital buffers was approved by NBU Board Resolution No. 312 on the Approval of Amendments to the Instruction on the Procedure for Regulation of Bank Activities in Ukraine dated May 12, 2015.
Revenue of Ukrainian banks, not taking into account insolvent ones, totaled UAH 20.18 billion in January 2019, which is 38% more than in January 2018, the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) has reported on its website. The number of banks for the period from February 1, 2018 to February 1, 2018 decreased to 77 from 82 financial institutions.
The National Bank said that the interest income of banks in January increased by 18%, to UAH 13.282 billion, commission fees – by 18%, to UAH 4.628 billion. In addition, banks received UAH 1.656 billion from revaluation and purchase/sale operations (a loss of UAH 1.059 billion was recorded in January 2018), UAH 481 million of other operating income (an increase by 11%), UAH 79 million of other income (a decrease by 39%) and UAH 54 million from return of written-off assets (an increase by 38%).
The expenses of the banking system in January 2019 amounted to UAH 14.754 billion, which is 14% more than in January 2018.
Interest expenses increased by 10%, to UAH 6.255 billion, commission fees – by 35%, to UAH 1.47 billion, administrative expenses – by 15%, to UAH 4.136 billion, and contributions to reserves – by 14%, to UAH 1.759 billion. In addition, other operating expenses increased by 20%, to UAH 821 million, and other expenses decreased by 3%, to UAH 77 million.
After tax deduction, the net profit of Ukrainian banks in January 2019 amounted to UAH 5.426 billion, which is a 3.2-fold rise compared with January 2018.
Ukrainian banks expect that lending and inflow of deposits continue in 2019, they also count on improvement of the loan portfolio, according to the poll on the conditions of banking lending conducted by the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU). According to a report posted on the central bank’s website, three quarters of the banks surveyed predict growth in corporate loans in 2019, 62% of respondents – the growth of consumer loans.
Some 66% of respondents predict the continuation of the inflow of deposits from the public in 2019, 67% – the inflow of business funds.
“The value of deposits is the highest in the entire history of observations,” the NBU said.
In the fourth quarter of 2018, the demand for loans continued to increase both from the public and business, due to the growing needs of enterprises in funds for capital investment and replenishment of working capital, as well as debt restructuring. At the same time, the business was mainly interested in short-term hryvnia loans.
In the fourth quarter of 2018, banks somewhat increased the standards for approving applications for all types of business loans along with deteriorating expectations, primarily for the exchange rate and economic development, as well as increased collateral risk. However, in the first quarter of 2019, banks plan to slightly relax domestic business lending requirements, especially for loans to small and medium-sized enterprises.
Consumer lending contributed to growth in the retail loan portfolio in the fourth quarter of 2018. The demand for respective loans was linked to an improvement in consumer confidence and a rise in spending on durable goods.
Standards for loans issued to households have not changed.
According to the report, banks, for the first time in five quarters, noted a decrease in liquidity risk.
“Banks expect that credit, currency and operational risks will increase in the first quarter of 2019, liquidity risks will decrease, interest rates will not change,” the NBU said.
The survey was conducted from December 18, 2018 to January 10, 2019 among the loan managers of 61 banks, which share of the total assets of the banking system is 96%. The next survey on bank lending will be about expectations for the second quarter of 2019 and will be published in April.
Profit of Ukrainian banks in January-November 2018 totaled UAH 20 billion, and this is an 11-fold rise year-over-year, First Deputy Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) Kateryna Rozhkova has said.
“The sector this year will make profit, which can be a record for more than 10 years. And most importantly it is real profit!” she wrote on her Facebook page on Thursday.
According to her, the year is not over yet, so various adjustments are possible, including the expenses on creating reserves, but the growth of interest income by almost 20% and commission income by 25% indicates that the banking sector is gradually but surely recovering.
Rozhkova predicted that in 2019, the sector income will remain high, although high interest rates will put pressure on income of banks.