Business news from Ukraine

Ukraine maintains ban on exports of gas, anthracite and salt for 2024

The Government of Ukraine has maintained zero quotas for the export of natural gas of Ukrainian origin, edible salt, anthracite, coal and coal briquettes, gold, silver, as well as precious metal waste and scrap for 2024.

The Cabinet of Ministers published Resolution No. 1402 of December 27 on the list of goods subject to licensing on its website.

According to the resolution, the quotas for the export of liquid fuel (fuel oil), which were in effect in 2023, were preserved – 540 thousand tons (no more than 60 thousand tons per month) and coking coal – 900 thousand tons.

In addition, the government has extended the ban on the export of fuel wood, wood chips or shavings for January-February 2023, after which the export of these goods will be removed from the list of licensed goods.

The licensing of wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, soybeans, rapeseed and sunflower seeds, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower and mustard oil, and oilcake has also been retained.

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Ukraine has turned from salt exporter into importer – statistics

The share of imported salt in the Ukrainian market in January-June 2023 reached 15%, 211.737 thousand tons were purchased on foreign markets for $46.196 million.

According to statistics released by the State Customs Service (SCS), the largest supplier of salt to Ukraine remains Turkey, which provided 32.4% of all salt imports in the first half of 2023 and earned $14.966 million.

Egypt and Romania accounted for 23.3% and 17.7% of shipments, for which these countries earned $10.745 million and $8.174 million, respectively.

A year earlier, the top three importers of Ukrainian salt were Turkey with a market share of 29.8% of supplies, Poland and Romania with 22.8% and 19.8% respectively. Their revenue from its sale amounted to $7.492 million, $5.722 million and $4.969 million, respectively.

The State Customs Service recalls that in 2022, the share of imported salt in the domestic market totaled 15%. On foreign markets Ukraine purchased 438.105 thousand tons of salt for the amount of $92.116 million.

In 2021, the level of imported salt in Ukraine did not exceed 2%, which amounted to 142.813 thousand tons at $12.920 million.

For export in this pre-war year, Ukrainian enterprises supplied 710.041 thousand tons of salt, from the sale of which they received $28.323 million.

In 2022, Ukraine reduced salt exports by 80% to 142.038 thousand tons compared to 2021, with revenues of $3.821mn.

The main buyers of Ukrainian salt in 2021 and 2022 were Poland (import share of 39.1% and 44.4%, respectively), Hungary (27.4% and 27.3%) and Romania (7.3% and 5.1%).

In the first half of 2023, exports of Ukrainian salt amounted to only 149 tons at $32 thousand. It was bought by Romania (93.5% of supplies) and Moldova (3.2%).

Earlier, the analytical “Club of Experts” analyzed the situation with export and import of salt in Ukraine, for more details see the link

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Salt deposit in Transcarpathia can fully provide Ukraine with technical salt

Kation Invest LLC (village of Tereblya, Transcarpathian region) has begun the development of the Bushty salt deposit on the territory of the Bushty community of the Tyachevsky district of the Transcarpathian region, which will fully meet the needs of Ukraine in technical salt, the head of the Transcarpathian Regional Military Administration (OVA) said. Viktor Mikita on Facebook.

He specified that the company expects to produce the first batches of salt within six months. In total, the field allows to produce up to 150 thousand tons per month by underground extraction through boreholes located on the surface of the earth.

“Unfortunately, due to the hostilities in the Donetsk region, the Artemsol state enterprise, which provided 100% of the country’s needs, stopped. To fulfill certain tasks to cover the country’s food security, Transcarpathia was involved in this difficult, but extremely important work. After preliminary geological research, a colossal salt layer starting from 35m to 500m,” he said.

According to Mikita, Cation Invest has already begun engineering work on the construction of an access road, marking drilling sites, equipped housing for workers, and also purchased modern equipment for deep industrial drilling.

“According to experts, in six months we will have the first mined salt. The deposit will be able to meet 100% of Ukraine’s demand for technical salt supplied to hold roads in the winter. Now the country’s need for technical salt is up to 450,000 tons per season” , – the head of the OVA emphasized.

In addition, it is planned to develop the infrastructure of the enterprise for the production of table salt for the needs of the population.

“We provided the investor with the most favorable conditions, agreed to consider additional options within the industrial park, allowing the enterprise to develop faster,” Mikita summed up.

According to the Unified State Register of Legal Entities and Individual Entrepreneurs, Kation Invest LLC with an authorized capital of UAH 4.3 million was established in 2014, 95% of its shares belong to Valentin Kondratiev and 5% to Igor Gerey.

As reported, the state-owned enterprise Artyomsol (Soledar, Donetsk region), previously the largest salt producer in Europe, stopped work in April indefinitely due to the invasion of Ukraine by Russian troops. The production process at the enterprise is impossible due to the shelling of Soledar by the Russians, damage to its salt mines and infrastructure.

As a result, Ukraine was forced to buy salt from Poland, Romania and Hungary.
Earlier, a video analysis of the state of the salt market in Ukraine and about the harm and benefits of salt for the human body was released on the YouTube channel “Club of Experts”. For more details, watch the video at the link



In June, the Silpo supermarket chain recorded a fourfold increase in sales of salt, 3.5 times soda, three times vinegar, and twice as much sugar as compared to June last year, the retailer’s press service reported.

As noted in the release, the excitement for these categories of goods was caused by a chain reaction after the news about the suspension of the work of the Artemsol enterprise in the Donetsk region. In particular, despite the fact that simultaneously with the suspension of the Silpo enterprise, sufficient volumes of salt were brought to Ukraine from Poland, Romania, Turkey and Bulgaria, the demand for salt quadrupled, and the very possibility of its shortage triggered an increase in demand for other social goods.

In June, sales of soda increased by 2.5 times, which Silpo delivers mainly from Turkey.

Certain interruptions in the supply of vinegar were observed in early June. There are two large vinegar producers in Ukraine, they depend on the supply of acetic acid from abroad, but they managed to establish supplies and stabilize the situation.

The sale of sugar has doubled. The supermarket chain coped with the increased demand by increasing the supplies of Ukrainian sugar producers.

The Silpo chain, which is part of the Fozzy Group, consists of 325 supermarkets in 60 cities of Ukraine and four Le Silpo deli markets in Kyiv, Dnipro, Kharkov and Odessa.

Fozzy Group is one of the largest Ukrainian retailers with more than 690 outlets throughout the country. The company develops retail chains of various formats: Silpo supermarkets, Fozzy Cash & Carry wholesale hypermarkets, Fora convenience stores, Thrash! discounters, Bila Romashka pharmaceutical supermarkets, Ringoo personal electronics stores.

According to Opendatabot, the founder of Silpo-Food LLC is PJSC Closed Non-Diversified Venture Corporate Investment Fund Retail Capital (100%, Kyiv), Vladimir Kostelman is the ultimate beneficiary.

According to the results of January-September 2021, Silpo’s trade turnover amounted to UAH 42.1 billion. “Club of Experts” has previously analyzed the shortage of salt in Ukraine and the impact of salt on the human body. For more details, see the video on the YouTube channel of the “Club of Experts” at the link



Table (edible) salt is one of the most important products for the body, and the so-called salt-free diet can often lead to negative health consequences, says Doctor of Biology Svyatoslav Morozov. “Sodium ions are necessary to maintain the ionic balance in the cell, the bloodstream. Sodium chloride is also needed for the normal functioning of the nervous system, digestion, muscle contraction and many other processes in the body,” he said in a new video posted on the Expert Club YouTube channel.

At the same time, according to the expert, it is necessary to observe the daily intake of salt, since an excessive amount of this ingredient in food can provoke the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system.

“It is advisable to consume up to 4-5 grams of table salt per day. Excess salt does not lead to terrible consequences, but it creates a burden on the body. This is due to the fact that a significant amount of salt in food leads to a feeling of thirst, as a result of which blood vessels and the heart are already stressed due to excess fluid, which leads to an increase in blood pressure, ” the scientist explained.

The founder of the Club of Experts, Maksim Urakin, in turn, emphasized that, while observing the daily norms of salt intake, it is necessary to take into account not only the pure salting of food, but also the content of sodium chloride in the product itself.

“Today, salt is found in almost all food products. That is, we are talking about the amount of salt directly in all products that a person consumes per day,” the expert noted.

Watch the full video on the Expert Club channel at the link:

You can subscribe to the channel using the link:Клубэкспертов

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The excitement that was observed around the shortage of table salt in early June has generally declined, today the market does not experience an acute shortage of this product, according to the Expert Club analytical center. In a new video, released on the YouTube channel of the same name, the ball analyzes the current situation with the availability of various types of salt, as well as its benefits and harms in terms of a healthy diet.

According to the candidate of biological sciences Svyatoslav Morozov, in Ukraine today there are several explored deposits of rock salt, in particular in the Kalush region of the Ivano-Frankivsk region, as well as Solotvino in the Transcarpathian region, which will replace the production facilities temporarily stopped due to the war in the Bakhmut region.

The founder of the Club of Experts, Candidate of Economic Sciences Maksim Urakin emphasized that today salt is produced in the world by more than 110 countries, among which China, India and the USA are the leaders. “Ukraine occupied a worthy place in the world salt market. In particular, Artyomsol provided exports to more than 50 countries of the world,” the expert noted.

According to him, the main importers of Ukrainian salt were Poland, Hungary, Moldova and a number of other countries.

Recall that in April 2022, the Artemsol enterprise, located in Soledar, Donetsk region, stopped its work due to hostilities in order to ensure the safety of employees.

For more details, see the video on the Expert Club channel:

You can subscribe to the channel using the link:Клубэкспертов

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