Exports of Ukrainian agrarian products to European countries in January-May 2018 increased by $13 million, or 0.6%, to $2.3 billion compared to the five months of last year, the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food reported on its website. “In the five months of 2018, we see the increase in our agricultural exports to the EU by almost $13 million compared to the same period in 2017. The largest share in the structure of agricultural exports to the EU was that of grains, which were exported for almost $862 million, sunflower oil worth $465.8 million, residues and waste products of the food industry for $220 million, oilseeds worth $211.5 million, poultry for $100.5 million,” the press service said citing Deputy Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food for European Integration Olha Trofimtseva.
According to her, exports of Ukrainian processed and niche agricultural products to EU markets also rose. In particular, juice exports for the period grew by $11 million, or 2 times, confectionery products from sugar by $8.3 million, or 89.4%, chocolate and other cocoa products by $6.5 million, or 66.2%, legumes by $6.5 million, or 2.4 times, eggs without shell and egg yolks by $6.1 million, or 20 times.
According to the ministry, the main importers of Ukrainian agrarian products were the Netherlands with a share of exports of 15.9%, Spain with 14.1%, Italy with 14%, Poland with 14%, Germany with 9.3%, and France with 6.8%.
The flow of agricultural goods between Ukraine and the European Union (EU) in January-March 2018 totaled $2.2 billion, according to a posting on the website of the Institute of Agrarian Economy research center. Deputy Director of the center Mykola Puhachev said that the surplus was $845 million. “In Q1 2018, both imports grew by 27%, to $669 million and exports by 15%, to $1.513 billion year-over-year,” he said.
The largest trade partners of Ukraine in the EU are Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Germany and France, with the total share of the agricultural goods flow of over 72%. According to the report, grain and oilseeds, as well as sunflower oil and meal provide for the main volumes of supplies from Ukraine to Europe.
Ukraine imports mainly grain, oilseeds, cacao beans and chocolate, various food, waste of processing industry, spirit and alcohol.
Puhachev said that in January-March 2018, Ukrainian exporters fully used duty free quotas for what, corn, honey, apple and grape juices, malt, the quarterly quota for poultry and the half-year quota for butter. For other food the average usage of quotas is rather low.
“In 2018, the quotas for some goods are growing as it was planned, in particular, sugar, starch, juices, barley cereal, wheat, corn, lamb meat and other products. In addition, preferential quotas for eight goods are in effect for Ukraine: honey, grape juice, barley cereal, preserved tomatoes, oats, wheat, corn and barley,” the expert said.
Ukraine and Turkey have discussed access to the market of agricultural goods and the services market during the 10th round of negotiations on the free trade area (FTA), as well as the provisions of the agreement related to telecom and e-commerce, Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Trade Representative of Ukraine Natalia Mykolska has said. “The round was not an easy one, since we defend the opening of the most profitable opportunities of the Turkish market for Ukraine and Ukrainian exporters. So we used this opportunity to address the issues of access to agricultural markets,” she wrote on her Facebook page on Saturday.
She also pointed out significant progress in the above-mentioned issues: “We are moving intensely, as both sides have an understanding that the agreement is in the priority of the governments of the two countries.”
Earlier, the trade representative said that Ukraine and Turkey had agreed to complete negotiations on the FTA in the near future.