The Ministry of Economic Development, Trade, and Agriculture of Ukraine supported the concept of horticulture development until 2025 elaborated by the Ukrainian Horticultural Association (UHA) together with the Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation, the Institute of Horticulture and Melon Сultivation, the Ministry of Economic Development, Trade, and Agriculture and Ukrainian vegetable producers.
According to the press release of the UHA, the major problem, which the concept is aimed at, is to provide the population of Ukraine with quality vegetable and melon products, as well as the development of effective competitive production.
“The volume of vegetable commercial market in Ukraine according to different estimates is about UAH 60 billion in wholesale prices. The greatest challenge for the industry is the informal economy, reaching 75-80% of the total volume, which amounts to UAH 40 million in monetary equivalent. The share of retail chains, which pay VAT on sale in the Ukrainian vegetable retail market, does not exceed 15%. Moreover, price fluctuations in the internal market sometimes exceed 1,000% per year,” the Head of UHA, Fedir Rybalko, is quoted in the report.
Among other problems in vegetable production, he singled out the growth of vegetable imports and the decline in exports. He says that in 2019, exports fell to 70,000 tonnes, while imports reached almost 200,000 tonnes.
“We included five areas in the concept that could improve the situation in the sector. Addressing the issue of price fluctuations and unshadowing requires an incentive for smallholder farmers, family farmers and individuals to integrate into the civil market, allowing producers to gain access to government support and funding programs, and to obtain better prices for their products,” the head of the association noticed.
The Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine predicts growth of GDP in 2021 at 4.6% with inflation of 7.3%, according to a draft resolution put on the agenda of the Wednesday government meeting.
According to the document, in 2022, GDP would grow by 4.3% with inflation of 6.2%.
According to the draft resolution, export growth is expected 2.9% next year and 6.4% in 2022, while import growth is projected at 10.6% and 10%, respectively.
The trade deficit will amount to $10.4 billion in 2021 and $13.6 billion in 2022, the ministry said.
The Ministry of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture predicts that Ukrainian farmers will harvest 63-65 million tonnes of grain and leguminous crops in 2020 against the previously projected 60 million tonnes. “Looking at the sown area, we expect the final gross grain production at the level of 63-65 million tonnes, which is 2.5 times more than the domestic market needs. We can formulate the final figure at the end of May, everything will depend on rains in this period. According to the forecast, they should be. Perhaps even the figure will be larger,” Deputy Economy Minister Taras Vysotsky said on the air of Ukraine 24 TV Channel.
Vysotsky noted that there are no threats to food security nationwide due to adverse climatic conditions, a critical situation has developed only in Odesa region.
“The losses there are large, sometimes up to 50% of the sowings. Now they’ll sum up the potential losses, they will transfer documentation, hold commissions and consider the possibility of financing from the reserve fund or other available instruments. We will study the situation in this region to support those farmers who have a large percentage of losses and there is a risk of becoming bankrupt,” the official said.
The Ministry of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture expects GDP to grow by 3.7% in 2020, Deputy Minister Serhiy Nikolaichuk has said. “Next year, we expect growth to accelerate to 3.7%,” he said during a press briefing.
The minister noted that the updated macroeconomic forecast would be published after it is approved at a government meeting.
The Economic Development and Trade Ministry of Ukraine continues working on the creation of a supervisory board of the Export-Credit Agency (ECA) required for the launch of the agency, First Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Economic Development and Trade Stepan Kubiv has said.
“We have carried out some work and consultations on this issue. I think we will hold another meeting if necessary. We will resolve this issue,” he said at a government meeting in Kyiv.
Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman reiterated the importance of launching the ECA as soon as possible. At the same time, he added that the delay was due to the fact that the government is launching such a project for the first time.
In addition, Groysman said that the agency will work not so much with its own resources as with tools for attracting resources.
“It is necessary to fill it not with a financial resource, but with tools for access to broad resources, since this is not a question of millions, it is a question of billions, perhaps dozens of billions, to support Ukrainian exports,” he said.
As reported, in February 2018, the Cabinet of Ministers approved the creation of ECA in the form of private joint-stock company and instructed the Economic Development and Trade Ministry to conduct a private placement of its shares.
Ukraine’s Economic Development and Trade Ministry has announced the start of a second contest of micro projects of non-profitable organizations concerning popularization of local culture, history and natural inheritance in Lviv, Volyn, Zakarpattia, Rivne, Ternopil and Ivano-Frankivsk regions. According to a posting on the ministry’s website, EUR 5.2 million has been provided from the budget of the Poland-Belarus-Ukraine border cooperation program for 2014-2020. The sum of a grant for a project could be from EUR 20,000 to EUR 60,000.
The ministry said that the grant will be provided for cultural, creative and educational events, experience exchange events, preservation of historical and natural inheritance of the border areas and development of local communities.
Bids can be submitted until October 31, 2018. The projects will be selected in June 2019.