The resumption of obligatory personal vehicle inspection initiated by the Infrastructure Ministry of Ukraine would not improve their safety, although it could result in the resumption of corruption schemes applied earlier, according to lawyers polled by Interfax-Ukraine.
“This bill, in our opinion, is a purely commercial project that will not affect road safety in any way. Infrastructure associated with the passage of MOT tests will appear and quickly develop, including without the inspection of a vehicle. In this area corruption and illegal turnover of cash will develop,” says Alexander Keer, managing partner of the DTP Expert law firm.
He also predicts that “mandatory inspection will lead to the fact that all cars, including cars with European license plates, will be somehow registered.”
“In Ukraine at present, according to various estimates, there are several tens of thousands of cars that drive not entirely legally. Cars with foreign number plates are only part of them, and there are still stolen, confiscated and other cars. If mandatory inspection is introduced, then when these cars pass through, they will be identified. Some of these cars were resold, then their owners, who purchased cars as a result of a legal transaction, will be in a difficult situation,” he said.
The lawyer predicts that “for the inspection of illegal cars will also apply illegal schemes that will not guarantee a good technical condition of the vehicle.”
“You can also expect a decrease in the number of “clone cars,” but the number of fictitious data on the passage of vehicle inspection may increase,” he said.
At the same time, Keer predicts that “mandatory inspection will improve the detection of crimes related to cars illegally located on the territory of Ukraine.”
At the same time, the lawyer said that “technical failure of cars is very rarely recognized by the court as the cause of an accident, especially when it comes to commercial vehicles, in particular, heavy trucks, special vehicles and carriers of dangerous goods.” Nevertheless, the consequences of such accidents can be very serious both in material terms and in terms of the number of casualties (injured and dead citizens).
“Very few road accidents initiated after a technical malfunction of the car reached the courts. In such cases, it is much easier for the parties to place the responsibility on the driver than directly on the technical condition of the vehicle, because if the court recognizes the malfunction of the car, the head of the transporting company will be responsible. The company may lose the license for transportation, therefore, most of the responsibility is shifted to drivers,” he said.
At the same time, Keer believes that the adoption of this bill could significantly increase the number of appeals to court. In particular, service stations that do not receive the licenses to conduct a technical inspection will file lawsuits.
In turn, lawyer of the K.A.C. Group law firm Dmytro Polischuk said that the proposed bill, first of all, is aimed at cars with mileage and will increase the level of protection for buyers of used cars from unscrupulous sellers, which has already been confirmed by the experience of European countries where buying a used car is not a “cat in a bag” purchase.
In turn, K.A.C. Group lawyer Hanna Kuznetsova said that in the period from January to April 2019, there were 2,445 road accidents in Ukraine, in which 7,804 people had injuries of varying severity and 822 people were killed. At the same time, the share of accidents as a result of speeding is 35%, violation of maneuvering rules – 20%, violation of intersections rules – 8%, violation of crossing rules – 8% and non-observance of a safe distance – 6%.
“These data indicate that technical failure of cars is not a very common cause of an accident,” she said.
For her part, lawyer of Ario Law Firm Natalia Shvets said that the introduction of mandatory vehicle inspection for cars will not cause a burst of lawsuits by car owners and organizations that will conduct this inspection.
“For law-abiding drivers, there will be no problem to pass a technical inspection of their vehicle,” she said.
Production of vehicles in Ukraine in January 2019 grew by 56.7% compared with January 2018, to 893 vehicles, and the growth pace is linked to the assembly of Skoda passenger cars by Eurocar Plant, which grew by 73%, to 828 cars, the Ukrautoprom association has reported.
Eurocar improved its production 4.2-fold compared with December 2018.
The association said that today Eurocar is the only enterprise in Ukraine where the production of passenger cars continues.
At the same time, the production of commercial vehicles fell by more than 63%: only five vehicles were manufactured in a month (excluding AvtoKrAZ, which has stopped disclosing production information since August 2016), including four by Cherkasy Bus (two in January 2018), and one by Zaporizhia Automobile Plant (ZAZ, 30 vehicles)
The production of buses practically did not change: 60 buses were produced, against 59 vehicles a year earlier. The Cherkasy Bus (40 buses in January 2019 compared with 12 in January 2018) remained the leader of their production, the Chernihiv Automobile Plant (14 compared with 20 the previous year) was the second, the ZAZ and the Chasiv Yar Bus Plant made three buses each (compared with seven buses and 17 buses, respectively). Not a single bus was produced by Bogdan Corporation (three buses in January 2018).
Compared with December 2018, the output of buses in January decreased by 21%.
As reported, in 2018, the Ukrainian automakers produced only 6,616 vehicles. This was 23% less than a year earlier, and production capacity was loaded less than 1.5%.
At the same time, passenger car assembly decreased by 22%, to 5,660 cars (including Eurocar produced 5,659 cars, 7.9% less), commercial vehicles (excluding products of AvtoKrAZ) – by 73%, to 132 units. A slight positive trend was seen only in the production of buses – an increase of 2.5%, to 824 units.
The primary registration of commercial vehicles in Ukraine (new and used ones) in 2018 grew by 20% compared with 2017, to 51,500 vehicles, the Ukrautoprom association has reported. The association said that the share of new vehicles was only 25% of primary registrations of commercial vehicles: demand in the segment grew only by 10%, to 12,700 units, while registrations of imported used vehicles rose almost by 25%, to 38,800.
Renault became the leader in new vehicle registrations last year, with 2,429 license plates being issued – 13% more than the year before, Fiat ranked second: 1,327 registrations and an increase of 13%.
Mercedes-Benz closed the top three leaders: 1,047 new vehicles were sold (a rise of 28%).
Renault is leading in the segment of used imported cars: for the year, 9,407 vehicles received Ukrainian registration, which is 30% higher than last year.
The second most popular brand was Volkswagen, which registered 4,941 vehicles (15% more).
Mercedes-Benz is in third place, as in the market for new vehicles, with 4,911 units (a rise of 22%).
Sales of new commercial vehicles in Ukraine in January-April 2018 grew by almost 25% year-over-year, to 4,060, the Ukrautoprom association has reported. In April, 1,187 vehicles were sold (30% up on April 2017 and almost 20% more than in March 2018).
The association said that the leader of the April market was Citroen with 223 vehicles sold (8.6-fold rise compared with April 2017 and 65% up on March 2018). Another French brand Renault was second with 191 vehicles sold (12% up on April 2017). Ford is third with 161 vehicles sold (2.2 times more than in April 2017), Fiat is fourth with a 10% decline in sales year-over-year, to 97 vehicles. Volkswagen was fifth with 76 vehicles sold (65% up).
AUTO-Consulting Group said that in contrast with the passenger car market, the truck segment showed a good pace.
Ford Trucks was the leader with 28% of the Ukrainian market. Ford Trucks signed a deal with Automagistral-Yug to buy 122 Ford dump trucks.
MAZ occupied 58% of the medium truck market. Scania was third with the market share of 10%. MAN and Volvo followed the Swedish concern.