The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine has reduced the deficit in the draft national budget for 2021 from 6% to 5.5% of GDP, Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal has said.
“An opportunity has been found to reduce the budget deficit to GDP from 6%, as proposed at first reading, to 5.5%,” he said at an extraordinary government meeting on Thursday.
Thus, the deficit was reduced by UAH 24 billion, to UAH 246.35 billion.
In the initial draft, state budget revenues were determined at the level of UAH 1.071 trillion, expenses – UAH 1.331 trillion. The new wording of the bill provides for UAH 1.092 trillion in revenues and UAH 1.328 trillion in expenses.
As reported, the state budget for 2020 provides for a deficit of 7.5% of GDP.
The deficit of Ukraine’s foreign trade in goods in January-August 2020 decreased 59.4% compared to January-August 2019, to $2.399 billion from $5.915 billion, the State Statistics Service reported on Thursday.
According to its data, the export of goods from Ukraine for the reporting period compared to the same period in 2019 decreased 6.6%, to $30.843 billion, imports fell by 14.6%, to $33.242 billion.
The State Statistics Service said that in August 2020, compared with July 2020, the seasonally adjusted volume of exports increased 5%, to $4.068 billion, imports grew by 1.6%, to $4.462 billion.
The seasonally adjusted foreign trade balance in August 2020 also saw a deficit and amounted to $393.6 million, which, however, is better than the previous month ($517.2 million). The export coverage ratio of imports in January-August this year amounted to 0.93 (in January-August 2019 it was 0.85).
The State Statistics Service said that foreign trade operations were carried out with partners from 225 countries.
The National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) expects an actual budget deficit in 2020 at the level of 6-6.5% of GDP instead of the 7.5% foreseen in the forecast, Deputy Governor of the NBU Dmytro Sologub has said.
“This year’s budget deficit is set at 7.5% of GDP. This is absolutely correct from the countercyclical point of view. But, apparently, the actual deficit will be lower… We estimate that the budget deficit will be around 6 -6.5% of GDP,” he said in an interview with Interfax-Ukraine.
According to him, the budget deficit fell below the forecast due to the strong underfunding of existing expenses. “Catching up on them in recent months will not be easy given the funding opportunities,” he said.
The deficit of Ukraine’s foreign trade in goods in January-July 2020 decreased by 57.3% compared to January-July 2019, to $2.120 billion from $ 4.968 billion, the State Statistics Service has reported.
According to it, export of goods from Ukraine for the reporting period compared to the same period in 2019 decreased by 7.3%, to $ 26.630 billion, import by 14.7%, to $28.750 billion.
The State Statistics Service clarifies that in July compared to June 2020, the seasonally adjusted volume of exports rose by 3.6%, to $3.660 billion, imports by 2%, to $4.373 billion.
The seasonally adjusted foreign trade balance in July 2020 was also negative and amounted to $713.2 million, which is better than in the previous month ($751.2 million). The coefficient of coverage of import by export in January-July of this year amounted to 0.93 (in January-July 2019 some 0.85).
The State Statistics Service specified that foreign trade operations were carried out with partners from 221 countries of the world.
The deficit of the national budget of Ukraine amounted to UAH 40 billion in January-August 2020, the Finance Ministry said citing recent data of the State Treasury Service of Ukraine.
The deficit of the general fund totaled UAH 51 billion.
According to data of the State Treasury Service, expenses for the general fund amounted to UAH 646.6 billion, or 87.4% of the reporting period’s breakdown.
“A total of UAH 208 billion was raised from issuing government domestic loan bonds for financing state debt – 13.2% of the plan, including UAH 84.6 billion or $2.4 billion and EUR7 million from government domestic loan bond issues denominated in foreign currencies,” the ministry said.
Some UAH 170.3 billion was raised from external sources, which corresponds to the plan, including UAH 55.4 billion from placement of 12-year eurobonds worth $2 billion at 7.253% per annum, UAH 55.2 billion from the first tranche from the IMF in the framework of the 2020 Stand-By Arrangement, UAH 33.8 billion from placing ten-year eurobonds worth EUR1.25 billion at 4.375% per annum, UAH 15 billion in macro-financial assistance funds from the European Union, and a loan of UAH 1.35 billion from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in the framework of the project “Modernization of the Social Support System.”
A total of UAH 275 billion was allocated for paying off state debt, which is 99.9% of the amount planned.
The deficit of Ukraine’s consolidated balance of payments in July 2020 was $88 million, while in the same period last year the surplus was $1.3 billion, according to preliminary data published by the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU).
According to them, the surplus of the current account of the balance of payments in July 2020 amounted to $360 million, while in July 2019 there was a deficit in the amount of $1 billion.
The volume of exports of goods in July 2020 decreased by 15.9% (in June 2020 by 6.7%), to $ 3.3 billion. The corresponding dynamics was due to a decrease in exports of ferrous and non-ferrous metals by 23.3% (by 18.7%), food products by 16.1% (5%), engineering products by 11.2% (by 4.7%), as well as export of mineral products by 21.4%, which in June grew by 3.6%.
At the same time, in July, export of chemical products increased by 25.7% (in June 2020 by 18.7%), in particular export of fertilizers by 7.5 times (2.3 times). In addition, export of industrial products rose by 7.3% (by 6.7%), and timber and wood products by 2.3% (by 3.9%).
For the seven months of 2020, exports to Asian countries in nominal terms grew (by $ 1.3 billion, or 15.3%), while exports to the EU, Africa and the Russian Federation decreased by $ 2 billion (19.4%), $ 414 million (14.3%) and $ 253 million (16.5%) respectively. Thus, the share of exports to Asian countries increased to 39.4% (from 31.6% in the same period of 2019) in total exports, and to the EU, Africa and Russia decreased to 33.1% (from 38%), 10.1% (from 10.9%) and to 5.2% (from 5.8%) respectively.
In July 2020, imports of goods continued to decline significantly, by 21.6% (in June by 16.9%), to $ 4.3 billion, in particular energy imports decreased by 1.8 times (in June halved), and non-energy by 15.5% (6.9%).
In the second month of summer, in particular, imports of ferrous and non-ferrous metals decreased by 20.4% (a month earlier by 10.9%), mechanical engineering products by 16.7% (by 6.6%), chemical products by 5.4% (by 4.5%), timber by 5.2% (by 10.8%), and import of industrial products decreased by 16.3%, while in June it increased by 3.2%.