Ukraine in January-February 2020 increased its electricity exports by 33.7% or 362.5 million kWh year-over-year, to 1.438 billion kWh, the Energy and Environmental Protection Ministry of Ukraine has told Interfax-Ukraine. Electricity supplies from the Burshtyn TPP energy island to Hungary, Slovakia, and Romania rose by 56.6%, to 1.049 billion kWh.
Exports to Poland grew by 17.6%, to 299.9 million kWh.
Exports to Moldova fell by 41%, to 88.6 million kWh.
Ukrainian electricity was not exported to Belarus or Russia in 2018 or 2019.
Ukraine imported 1.112 billion kWh of electricity in January-February 2020, including 599.5 million kWh from Slovakia, 274.7 million kWh from Hungary, 141.9 million kWh from Belarus, 51.9 million kWh from the Russian Federation, and 43.4 million kWh from Romania.
Due to crossflows related to the parallel work of the united energy system in Ukraine and systems in bordering countries (accounted for under contracts signed by Energomarket), Ukraine imported 8.1 million kWh of energy from Russia and 100,000 kWh from Belarus.
The Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection of Ukraine has included in the forecast balance of electricity generation in the Integrated Power System (IPS) of Ukraine for 2020 the growth of electricity imports at twice compared to the actual indicator of 2019, to 5.615 billion kWh.
According to the updated balance posted on the ministry’s website, electricity exports are also expected to grow by 30%, to 8.455 billion kWh.
The electricity generation will decrease by 1.2% compared with the actual indicators of 2019, to 152.105 billion kWh. In particular, nuclear power plants expect to reach 80.639 billion kWh of electricity generation (2.9% less compared to 2019), thermal power plants 42.129 billion kWh (6.2% less), combined heat and power plants and cogeneration plants 11.064 billion kWh (1.8% more), all hydroelectric power stations 5.088 billion (22% less), pumped storage plants 1.258 billion kWh (6.6% less), block stations 1.643 billion kWh (7% less), and alternative energy sources 10.284 billion kWh (85.6% more).
Thus, according to forecasts, the share of nuclear power plants of the structure of electricity generation in 2020 will be 53.02% (53.91% at the end of 2019), thermal power plants some 27.7% (29.17%), combined heat and power plants and cogeneration plants some 7.27% (7.06%), hydroelectric power stations some 3.35% (4.24%), pumped storage plants some 0.83% (0.87%), block stations some 1.08% (1.15%), and alternative energy sources some 6.8% (3.6%).
Electricity consumption in the country is expected to reach 147.517 billion kWh in 2020, which is 1.8% less compared to the actual indicators of 2019.
Electricity consumption of pumped storage plants in the pump mode is predicted to be 1.752 billion kWh (1.834 billion kWh in 2019).
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky has set a task to Energy and Environment Protection Minister Oleksiy Orzhel to reduce coal and electricity imports.
“What kind of import can we talk about when the countries from which we import do not allow us to enter their markets?” the president said at the meeting of the workers of coal industry in Kyiv on Tuesday.
He said that import is possible exclusively regarding definite brands of coal, which are not extracted inside the country.
“Therefore, our coal, our miners, our electricity comes first,” Zelensky said, adding that there is no place for coal imports in the Ukrainian coal industry.
Ukraine in January 2020 imported 560.66 million kWh of electricity, which makes up 3.7% of the total electricity volume supplied to the country’s energy system, the press service of Ukrenergo has said. Thus, major imports of 449.73 million kWh (80.2%) were supplied to the Burshtyn Energy Island. In particular, 329.11 million kWh (73.18% of the total imports into this trade zone) was imported from Slovakia, which is 2.1 times more than the average monthly indicator in this direction in 2019. Imports from Hungary amounted to 97 million kWh (21.57%), Romania some 23.62 million kWh (5.25%).
“The growth in electricity imports from Slovakia is due to an increase from 400 MW to 600 MW of the capacity of interstate sections between Ukraine and Slovakia from the end of November 2019,” the report says.
In turn, imports to the country’s united energy system amounted to 110.9 million kWh (19.8% of the total imports), of which 93 million kWh (83.86%) were from Belarus, 17.9 million kWh (16.14%) from Russia.
Commenting on measures to ensure the operational safety of the energy system, Ukrenergo noted that in January imports to the united energy system were limited to 475.8 million kWh. The volume of restrictions from the Russian Federation amounted to 374.6 million kWh, from Belarus, respectively, 101.2 million kWh.
Ukraine boosted its electricity exports by 4.9% in 2019, to 6.469 billion kWh, the Ministry of Energy and Environment Protection has told. Electricity supplies from the Burshtyn TPP energy island to Hungary, Slovakia, and Romania rose by 17.1%, to 4.448 billion kWh.
Exports to Poland fell 2.4%, to 1.377 billion kWh.
Exports to Moldova fell 32.6%, to 644 million kWh.
In July, Ukraine resumed commercial imports of electricity. The year’s total was 2.699 billion kWh, including 909.8 million kWh from Slovakia, 851.3 million kWh from Belarus, 630.1 million kWh from Hungary, 286.3 million kWh from Russia, and 21.1 million kWh from Romania.
Due to crossflows related to the parallel work of the united energy system in Ukraine and systems in bordering countries (accounted for under contracts signed by Energomarket), Ukraine imported 41.6 million kWh of energy from Russia and 1 million kWh from Belarus in 2019.