Electricity consumption in Ukraine (net, excluding losses in power grids) in January-September 2021 amounted to 92.2 billion kWh, which is 6.9% more than in the same period in 2020 (86.2 billion kWh).
“The main reasons [for growth in consumption] are the absence in 2021 of strict quarantine measures to counter the spread of COVID-19, and as a result, an increase in consumption occurred all months, but most of all in March and April – by 11.6% and 12, 4%, respectively,” Ukrenergo said.
In addition, according to it, in July 2021, hotter weather was observed than in July 2020 (23.7° С versus 21.9° С), which led to an increase in consumption by 7.2%.
In general, over the nine months, all consumer groups increased energy consumption, except for agricultural enterprises, which reduced the volume of electricity used by 5.9%.
The largest increase in consumption was among the group of non-industrial consumers (small and medium-sized businesses) – by 18.1%, in construction – by 15% and transport – by 9.4%, due to the absence of strict quarantine restrictions.
In turn, the population increased the volume of electricity used by 5.6%, industry – by 6.7%.
In January-September 2021, energy consumption was increased by all industries, most of all – manufacturers of construction materials (by 17.1%) and machine builders (by 14.1%).
“In addition, it should be noted there was a significant increase in consumption by metallurgical, as well as chemical and petrochemical industries – by 6.5% and 7.1%, respectively,” Ukrenergo said.
According to the company, in the structure of electricity consumption for the nine months of 2021, there was a significant reduction in the share of the population – from 30.9% to 30.5% and a simultaneous increase in the group of non-industrial consumers – from 6.1% to 6.7%, which is also possible attributed to the lack of quarantine this year.
In addition, farmers reduced their share from 3.2% to 2.9%.
The rest of the consumer groups practically did not change their share.
Electricity production in the Integrated Power System (IPS) of Ukraine in January-September 2021 grew by 6.2% (by 6.702 billion kWh) compared to the same period in 2020, to 114.375 billion kWh, according to data from the Ministry of Energy.
According to the calculations of Interfax-Ukraine, nuclear power plants (NPPs) in January-September 2021 increased electricity generation by 9.1%, to 61.946 billion kWh. In particular, production at the Zaporizhia NPP amounted to 25.382 billion kWh (a rise of 26.3% versus January-September 2020), Yuzhnoukrainsk NPP – 13 billion 237.5 million kWh (1.8% less), Rivne NPP – 14.474 billion kWh (0.5% more), Khmelnytska NPP – 8.852 billion 852.1 million kWh (0.6% more).
Thermal power plants (TPPs), as well as combined heat and power plants (CHPPs) and cogeneration plants reduced their output by 4.9%, to 33.308 billion kWh, including generating companies, TPPs increased production by 2.4%, to 26.732 billion kWh, while CHP and cogeneration plants decreased by 26.2%, to 6.575 billion kWh.
Hydro and pumped storage power plants (HPPs and PSPPs) increased production by 45.4%, to 8.139 billion kWh, while block stations decreased by 12.8%, to 1.24 billion kWh.
Electricity production by alternative sources (wind farms, solar power plants, biomass) increased by 10%, to 9.743 billion kWh.
The share of nuclear power plants in the structure of electricity production amounted to 54.2% (in January-September 2020 it was 52.7%), thermal power plants, thermal power plants and cogeneration plants – 29.1% (32.5%), hydroelectric power plants and pumped storage power plants – 7.1% (5.2%), block stations – 1.1% (1.3%), alternative sources – 8.5% (8.2%).
In September 2021, electricity production in the IPS of Ukraine grew by 4.1% (by 457.7 million kWh) compared to the same month last year, to 11.735 billion kWh.
In addition, the supply of heat energy in January-September 2021 rose by 12.1% (by 1.604 million Gcal) compared to the same period last year, to 14.833 million Gcal.
Electricity production in the integrated power system of Ukraine in January-August 2021 increased by 6.4% (by 6.163 billion kWh) compared to the same period in 2020, to 102.559 billion kWh, according to recent data from the Energy Ministry.
According to the calculations of Interfax-Ukraine, nuclear power plants (NPP) for the eight months increased the generation of electricity by 8.1% – up to 55.279 billion kWh. In particular, production at Zaporizhia NPP amounted to 22.938 billion kWh (more by 27.4% compared to January-August 2020), Yuzhnoukrainsk NPP вЂ“ 11.990 billion kWh (less by 0.4%), Rivne NPP вЂ“ 12.988 billion kWh (less by 0.1%), Khmelnytsky NPP вЂ“ 7.363 billion kWh (less by 8.9%).
Thermal power plants (TPP), as well as combined heat and power plants (CHPP) and cogeneration plants reduced their output by 3.4% – to 30.149 billion kWh. In particular, the generating companies of TPPs increased production by 3.7% – up to 23.922 billion kWh, while CHPPs and cogeneration plants – decreased by 23.6%, to 6.227 billion kWh.
Hydro power and pumped storage power plants increased production by 50.2%, to 7.539 billion kWh, while block stations decreased by 13.3%, to 1.099 billion kWh.
Electricity production by unconventional sources (wind farms, solar power plants, biomass) increased by 9.6%, to 8.493 billion kWh.
The share of nuclear power plants in the structure of electricity production amounted to 53.9% (in January-August 2020 – 53%), thermal power plants, thermal power plants, CHPPs and cogeneration plants – 29.4% (32.4%), hydroelectric power plants and pumped storage power plants – 7.4% (5.2%), block stations – 1.1% (1.3%), alternative sources – 8.3% (8%).
In August 2021, electricity production in the integrated power system of Ukraine increased by 6.7% (by 761.7 million kWh) compared to the same month last year, to 12.16 billion kWh.
In addition, the supply of heat energy for the eight months increased by 11.8% (by 1.511 million Gcal) compared to the same period last year, to 14.273 million Gcal.
Ukraine in January-August 2021 reduced electricity exports by 17% (by 505.6 million kWh) compared to the same period in 2020, to 2.475 billion kWh, according to NPC Ukrenergo.
According to the calculations of Interfax-Ukraine, in particular, supplies from Burshtyn TPP energy island in the direction of Hungary, Slovakia and Romania decreased by 6.9% (by 124.4 million kWh), to 1.678 billion kWh.
Electricity supplies to Poland decreased by 35.6% (by 356.7 million kWh) compared to the same period last year, to 644.8 million kWh.
Electricity exports to Moldova increased by 17.2% (by 22.4 million kWh), to 152.6 million kWh.
There were no supplies to Belarus and Russia in January-August 2021 (versus 46.9 million kWh supplied to Belarus over the eight months of 2020).
In August 2021, Ukrainian electricity exports amounted to 344.1 million kWh, which is twice as much as in August 2020 (171.4 million kWh).
In addition, over the eight months of 2021, Ukraine reduced electricity imports by 44.2% (by 802.5 million kWh) compared to the same period last year, to 1.014 billion kWh. In particular, Belarus supplied 522.6 million kWh, Slovakia – 285.4 million kWh, Russia – 101.9 million kWh, Hungary – 66.4 million kWh, and Romania – 38 million kWh.
In August 2021, electricity imports amounted to 27.1 million kWh, which is 29.8% less than in August2020 (38.6 million kWh).
Within the framework of technological flows associated with the parallel operation of the integrated power system of Ukraine with the power systems of neighboring countries and power supply of dead-end areas, 37 million kWh of electricity were imported from the Russian Federation over the eight months, and 0.5 million kWh from Belarus.
Emergency supplies during this period from Slovakia amounted to 0.7 million kWh, from Belarus – 9.7 million kWh, to Belarus – 0.4 million kWh, and to Poland – 8.5 million kWh.
When calculating the updated electricity forecast balance, the Ministry of Energy of Ukraine does not consider the import of a resource from the Russian Federation and Belarus, First Deputy Energy Minister Yuriy Vlasenko has said.
“When calculating the forecast balance, we do not envisage the import of electricity from Russia and Belarus,” he said on the margins of the energy forum in Kyiv, organized by Energy club, on Wednesday.
At the same time, he drew attention to the fact that imports are prohibited until October 1, but are not considered in the future.
At the same time, Vlasenko said that a feature of this autumn-winter period will be the operation of the Integrated Power System, as well as Burshtyn TPP energy island in an isolated mode, providing for their disconnection from all power systems.
“We need to work this way for three days in winter and summer. As for winter, we are also working on it with Ukrenergo, when we will work in an isolated mode – in late January or early February,” Vlasenko said.
Ukraine in January-July 2021 reduced earnings from electricity exports by 28.1% (by $53.052 million) compared to the same period in 2020, to $135.612 million, according to data from the State Customs Service.
According to the calculations of Interfax-Ukraine, in January-July 2021 electricity for $59.339 million was supplied to Hungary, Poland for $39.783 million, Romania for $21.204 million, other countries for $15.286 million.
In July 2021 alone, electricity was exported for $27.373 million versus $5.505 million in July 2020.
In addition, in January-July of this year, Ukraine imported electricity for $59.058 million versus $110.005 million in the same period last year. Electricity exported from Belarus was worth $24.702 million, Slovakia – $22.401 million, Russia – $5.388 million, other countries – $6.567 million.