Ukraine’s international reserves currently stand at $27.4 billion, representatives of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) said at a meeting with the European Business Association (EBA) and the American Chamber of Commerce on April 15.
“The country’s foreign exchange reserves amount to $27.4 billion, which became possible thanks to the support of international partners – the IMF, the EU (which provided the first tranche of 600 million euros), the EBRD, etc. The total amount of assistance received from international partners is $3.8 billion “, – is noted in the release of the EBA following the meeting.
Earlier, the NBU reported that Ukraine’s international reserves as of April 1, 2022 amounted to $28.1 billion, which is 2% more than at the beginning of March ($27.5 billion).
Representatives of the National Bank at the meeting also pointed out that in general, since the beginning of the war, the volume of net sales of foreign currency by the NBU amounted to $ 2 billion, and recently there has been a tendency for currency supply to prevail over demand for it.
As one of the meeting participants specified to the Interfax-Ukraine agency, Deputy Head of the National Bank Yuriy Heletiy said that the supply of foreign currency in April began to exceed the demand for it in the non-cash market from legal entities. According to him, the growth was caused by the gradual resumption of the work of enterprises of the mining and metallurgical complex, companies from the IT services sector.
Representatives of the National Bank also indicated that they do not yet see the need to introduce a mandatory sale of foreign currency.
Speaking about possible future steps to remove currency restrictions, the regulator admitted the possibility of certain relaxations in areas related to trade finance: settlements on export-import guarantees, letters of credit, while the return of other foreign loans will remain prohibited.
The international reserves of Ukraine as of September 1, 2021, according to preliminary data, amounted to $31.614 billion (in equivalent), which is 9.2% more than at the beginning of August this year ($28.951 billion) according to the data of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU).
“As of September 1, 2021, Ukraine’s international reserves, according to preliminary data, amounted to $31.614 billion (in equivalent). This volume of reserves is a record over the past nine years … In August, the reserves increased by 9.2% due to, first of all, the receipt of funds in the amount of 1.928 billion special drawing rights (SDR) within the general allocation from the IMF,” the report says.
As the National Bank notes, the dynamics of the August reserves was affected by the operations of managing the state debt: the total volume of payments for servicing and repaying the state and state-guaranteed debt in foreign currency amounted to $ 188 million (in equivalent).
It is specified that $ 33.7 million was spent on servicing and redeeming external bonds, $ 18.2 million – on servicing and redeeming government domestic loan bonds, the rest – for fulfilling other government obligations in foreign currency.
At the same time, in August, foreign exchange receipts in favor of the government amounted to $ 8.8 million (in equivalent).
The dynamics of reserves was also influenced by the operations of the NBU in the interbank market. In particular, the central bank replenished its reserves by $ 348.3 million due to the fact that for most of August supply on the market prevailed over demand.
In addition, the dynamics of the indicator was influenced by the revaluation of financial instruments: last month their value decreased by $ 31.6 million (in equivalent), according to the National Bank.
The regulator noted as of September 1, 2021 the volume of international reserves covers 4.4 months of future imports – this is enough to fulfill the obligations of Ukraine, the current operations of the government and the NBU.
In addition, the NBU clarified that Ukraine’s net international reserves in August increased by $ 2.836 billion, or 15.3%, to $ 21.364 billion.
After falling to $27.84 billion in May, Ukraine’s international reserves returned to the level of the end of April and amounted to $28 billion in the middle of June, Head of the Council of the National Bank of Ukraine Bohdan Danylyshyn has said.
“The total net balance of foreign exchange interventions by the NBU since the beginning of 2021 has increased to $655 million, which, taking into account the government’s borrowings in foreign currency, has made it possible to expand the NBU’s international reserves to $28 billion,” he wrote on Facebook.
Danylyshyn said that in the interbank FX market during the last week there was a significant (about $43 million on average per day) prevalence of foreign currency supply over demand, which led to the strengthening of the hryvnia exchange rate by 0.8%, to UAH 27.00/$1 and allowed National Bank to buy back $375 million in a week.
The head of the NBU Council said that high prices for the main goods of Ukrainian exports – agricultural products, iron ore and steel, as well as an increase in the demand of nonresidents on government securities of Ukraine contributed to the increase in the supply of foreign currency by 18.7% by the first week of the month, with the demand decreasing by 2.7%.
As reported, at the beginning of this year, Ukraine’s international reserves amounted to $29.113 billion.
Ukraine’s international reserves increased by early May 2021, according to preliminary data, to $28 billion (equivalent), which is 3.6% more than in early April 2021 ($27.035 billion), the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) has said on Friday.
“As of May 1, 2021, Ukraine’s international reserves, according to preliminary data, amounted to $28 billion (equivalent). In April, they increased by 3.6%, taking into account foreign exchange receipts in favor of the government and the revaluation of financial instruments,” the NBU said.
Ukraine’s international reserves as of February 1, 2021, according to preliminary data, fell to $28.821 billion (equivalent), which is $279 million less than at the beginning of January this year, the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) has said.
“In January, they [the reserves] decreased by 1.1%, primarily due to the repayment of external and internal obligations of the state. At the same time, the intervention of the National Bank in the foreign exchange market and foreign exchange receipts in favor of the government partially counterbalanced the impact of payments for servicing the state debt,” the report says.
The net international reserves of Ukraine as of January 1 amounted to $ 18.1 billion, which is 19% more than at the beginning of December 2020 ($ 15.2 billion), Head of the Council of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) Bohdan Danylyshyn has said.
“The net forex reserves of the NBU [excluding the debt to the IMF] as of January 1, 2021 amounted to $ 18.1 billion and are sufficient to cover payments by the public sector and the National Bank on external debt to non-residents, which in 2021 will amount to about $ 7.2 billion,” he said on Facebook.
Danylyshyn added that of the external debt to non-residents, about $ 2 billion should be paid by the government on eurobonds in September 2021, as well as to cover the current account deficit, which, according to the NBU forecast, is expected at $ 3.5 billion in 2021.
According to him, the volume of planned payments of the state in favor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2021 is about $ 1.6 billion, including $ 1.36 billion for the repayment of the principal amount of the debt and $ 260 million for interest payments.
“The need to refinance Ukraine’s debt to the IMF requires the parties to fulfill their obligations under the current Stand-By Arrangement, which will allow Ukraine to attract IMF financing in the amount of about $ 2.9 billion,” he said.
He added that taking into account payments on the debt of banking and corporate sectors, as well as inter-company debt, the total volume of payments from Ukraine in favor of non-residents in 2021 will be about $ 15.5 billion.
As reported, the international reserves of Ukraine in 2020 increased by 15% and amounted to $ 29.1 billion as of January 1, 2021.